Political Parties in South Asia

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Subrata Kumar Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004 - Political Science - 366 pages
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Political parties are recognized as a highly important instrument for the functioning of democratic politics. They are essential for state formation and the intermediation between the state and society. This book is a pioneering attempt to discuss and analyze the complex variations of the party landscape in South Asia. It pays special attention to the evaluation of the role of political parties in the creation of multicultural, pluralist, and democratic societies.

The contributions to this volume come from indigenous authors who bear the necessary contextual knowledge needed to analyze the political parties in South Asia. This work helps explain why analytical concepts can provide explanations in some areas of this subject but fail in others. It also argues that the political parties in South Asia should not be assessed only through criteria taken from western experience. The material in this volume is sure to inform academic debate.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Indian National Congress Problems of Survival and ReInvention
31
The Bharatiya Janata Party Hindu Nationalism and the Compulsions of Pluralism
55
Communist Party of India Marxist From Rebellion To Governance
76
Telugu Desam Party The Dialectics of Regional Identity and National Politics
103
The Muslim League Decline of a National Party
130
Pakistan Peoples Party The Twin Legacies of Socialism and Dynastic Rule
156
The MQM of Pakistan Between Political Party and Ethnic Movement
177
The United National Party of Sri Lanka Reproducing Hegemony
236
The Tamil United Liberation Front Ethnic Hegemony Unitary State Democracy and the Dilemma of a Minority Party
259
The Nepali Congress Party Agency and NationBuilding
276
The Communist Party of Nepal UML Ideology at the Crossroads
301
Epilogue Rethinking Party Theory in the Light of South Asian Experience
329
Bibliography
343
Index
356
About the Editors and Contributors
365

Bangladesh Nationalist Party From Military Rule to the Champion of Democracy
196
The Awami League From Charismatic Leadership to Political Party
216

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About the author (2004)

SUBRATA K. MITRA is Professor and Head of the Department of Political Science at the South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University, and a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Dehli. He currently holds the posts of Executive Director of the South Asia Institute, Heidelberg, and President of the Research Committee of the International Sociological Association.

MIKE ENSKAT is Policy Consultant with the GTZ, Eschborn, Germany, and former Lecturer in Political Science at the South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University.

CLEMENS SPIESS is Lecturer in Political Science at the South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University.

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