Shanghai Conspiracy: The Sorge Spy Ring, Moscow, Shanghai, Tokyo, San Francisco, New York

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Pickle Partners Publishing, Oct 27, 2016 - History - 248 pages
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Originally published in 1952, General Willoughby’s book Shanghai Conspiracy, which includes the story of Richard Sorge, is of the gravest importance because it presents a clear delineation of a worldwide pattern of Communist sabotage and betrayal which was still being practiced at the time of publication in 1952.

During [the U.S.’s] Occupation of Japan, military intelligence exercised limited civil functions in collaboration with the modernized Japanese police, in an alert against national and foreign communism. The story of Richard Sorge, Soviet master spy, falls into this category of security surveillance. It represents a devastating example of a brilliant success of espionage—its evolution, techniques, and methods. Elements of this Soviet-inspired conspiracy actually ranged from China and Japan into the United States, in the period 1931-50.

Over a period of years, there has been filed with Washington a most extensive documentation on the case, aggregating over a million words with hundreds of plates, photostats, and illustrations. Enormous efforts in translation and research have gone into it. It has been reviewed and authenticated by American lawyers, and is now being brought into focus by the Senate and House Committees on Internal Security and Un-American Activities.

Sorge’s story did not begin or end with Tokyo but was only a chip in the general mosaic of Soviet Far Eastern strategy. It deals with a sinister epoch in the history of modern China and must be viewed against the vicious background of world conspiracy. Shanghai was a vineyard of communism for men and women of many nationalities who had no conceivable personal stake in China, but an almost inexplicable fanaticism for an alien cause—the Communist subjugation of the Western world. Here were sown the dragon’s teeth that have since ripened into the Red harvest of today.

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About the author (2016)

CHARLES ANDREW WILLOUGHBY (March 8, 1892 - October 25, 1972) was a Major General in the U.S. Army, serving as General Douglas MacArthur’s Chief of Intelligence during most of World War II and the Korean War.

Born Karl (or Adolph Charles) Weidenbach in Heidelberg, Germany to Baron T. Scheppe-Weidenbach and his wife Emma Willoughby Scheppe-Weidenbach of Baltimore, Maryland, he moved to the U.S. in 1910 and became a U.S. citizen, changing his name to Charles Andrew Willoughby. He enlisted in the Regular Army and served as a Private, Corporal and then Sergeant of Company O, of the Fifth United States Infantry, from 1910 to 1913. He entered Gettysburg College as a senior in 1913, graduating in 1914 with a Bachelor of Arts degree.

He served as a military attaché in Ecuador, receiving the Order of Saints Maurizio and Lazzaro from Mussolini’s government, before becoming Douglas MacArthur’s Chief of Intelligence, accompanying MacArthur to Tokyo for the occupation of Japan during World War II.

Willoughby died in Florida in 1972.

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