The Auctarium of the Botanic Garden;: Containing Miscellaneous Information, Connected with the Cultivation of a Garden, and Natural History..

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Simpkin, Marshall and Company, ... Sherwood and Company, ... J. Robertson, Dublin; W. Whyte and Company, Edinburgh; and Jackson, New York. - Gardening
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Page 41 - Munich. It consists of lace and veils, with open patterns in them, made entirely by caterpillars. The following is the mode of proceeding adopted : — Having made a paste of the leaves of the plant, on which the species of caterpillar he employs feeds, he spreads it thinly over a stone, or other flat substance, of the required size. He then, with a camel-hair pencil, dipped in olive-oil, draws the pattern he wishes the insects to leave open.
Page 52 - It is not too much to assert that the surface of the walls of every cottage of a medium size that is applicable to the training of vines is capable of producing annually as many grapes as would be worth half the amount of its rental.
Page 72 - It takes three months from the first appearance of the bud to the full expansion of the flower. The fruit has not yet been seen by botanists, but is said by the natives, to be a many-seeded berry.
Page 70 - On incinerating the plants, thus treated, they yielded a greater quantity of saline and earthy matters than were originally present in the seeds. These results, supposing them accurate, may be accounted for in two ways. It may be supposed, in the first place, that the foreign matters were introduced accidentally from extraneous sources, as by fine particles of dust floating in the atmosphere ; or, secondly, it may be conceived, that they were derived from the sulphur, air, and water, with which the...
Page 53 - ... of its stem. No vine is taken cognizance of, until its stem measures three inches in girth, as under that size vines ought never to be suffered to ripen any fruit. This is a rule that should be strictly adhered to in the management of young vines, for it may be safely asserted, that for every pound...
Page 19 - ... House, has just presented to the Medico-Botanical Society some very beautiful and highly preserved specimens of dried plants and herbs, retaining, in a peculiar degree, the whole of the volatile oil and aroma, and the colour of the recent plant. The plan adopted by Mr.
Page 65 - The sap, or circulating fluid, composed of water, holding in solution saline, extractive, mucilaginous, saccharine, and other substances, rises upwards through the wood in a distinct system of tubes, called the common vessels, which correspond in their office to the lacteals and pulmonary arteries of animals, and are distributed in minute ramifications over the surface of the leaves.
Page 19 - ... to pressure in small quantities enveloped in paper, until the oil appears on the surface, and which is known by its discoloration : by this, all change of colour by the action of the light, or further loss of volatile matters by evaporation is prevented. In pot-herbs, as well as medicinal plants, the improvement and superiority is very decided.
Page 68 - However various the composition of the soil, it consists, essentially, of two parts, so far as ita solid constituents are concerned. One is a certain quantity of earthy matters, such as siliceous earth, clay, lime, and sometimes magnesia ; and the other is formed from the remains of animal and vegetable substances, which, when mixed with the former, constitute common mould. A mixture of this kind, moistened by rain, affords the proper nourishment of plants. The water, percolating through the mould,...
Page 64 - Growth of Plants. While a plant differs from an animal in exhibiting no signs of perception or voluntary motion, and in possessing no stomach to serve as a receptacle for its food, there exists between them a close analogy both of parts and functions, which, though not discerned at first, becomes striking on a near examination.

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