Meteorites: A Petrologic, Chemical and Isotopic Synthesis

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Cambridge University Press, 2004 - Science - 506 pages
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Meteorite research is fundamental to our understanding of the origin and early history of the Solar System. Some meteorites were produced by melting on asteroids, a few are from the Moon and others are martian. Their study yields a chronology of the first 100 million years of Solar System history and provides evidence that our Sun went through a highly radiative, T Tauri stage. This book considers the mechanism and timing of core formation and basaltic volcanism on asteroids and the effects of heating water-rich bodies. Results from meteorite research are placed in a galactic setting, and a theory is proposed for the origin of the planets of our Solar System. This advanced yet succinct introduction provides a classification of meteorites and discusses their ages and origin. It will be valuable to graduate students and scientists in astrophysics, space research, cosmochemistry, geochemistry, isotope geology and earth and planetary sciences.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
12 Kinds of meteoritic material
4
13 Sources of meteorites
10
falls finds and superfinds
11
15 How to recognize a meteorite
13
16 Meteorite names
15
17 Meteorite literature
16
Select bibliography
17
75 Summary
239
Select bibliography
241
Differentiated meteorites I primitive achondrites ureilites and aubrites
243
82 Achondrites
245
83 Primitive achondrites
248
84 Acapulcoites and lodranites
249
85 Winonaites and chondritic silicates in IAB iron meteorites
253
86 Brachinites olivine achondrites
256

The chondrites chemistry and classification
18
chemical signatures
24
23 Cosmochemical classification of the elements
34
24 Geochemical classification of the elements
37
oxygen isotopic ratios
38
petrologic types
40
shock facies and stages
42
28 Terrestrial weathering of meteorite finds
45
status and prospects
47
210 Summary
51
Select bibliography
52
The components of chondrites
53
31 Introduction
54
32 Chondrules
55
33 Refractory calciumaluminumrich inclusions CAIs
75
34 Other hightemperature materials in chondrites
84
35 Lowtemperature components in chondrites matrix
85
36 Other lowtemperature material in chondrites
92
38 Summary
95
Petrography of the chondrites I carbonaceous chondrites
96
42 The carbonaceous chondrite groups
97
43 Ungrouped carbonaceous chondrites
121
44 Summary
123
Select bibliography
125
Petrography of the chondrites II noncarbonaceous chondrites
127
52 The ordinary chondrites and R group
128
53 Enstatite chondrites
142
54 Ungrouped noncarbonaceous chondrites
146
55 Summary
150
Time in the evolution of chondrites
152
61 Introduction
153
cosmic ray exposure CRE ages and terrestrial ages
154
64 Systems based on primordial radionuclides
155
65 Gasretention ages stages 5 to 7
158
66 Formation and metamorphic ages stages 2 to 5
162
67 Early Solar System chronology
179
formation intervals
183
early chondrite history
185
Select bibliography
187
Origin of chondrites and their components
188
71 Introduction
189
72 Origin of the chondrite groups
193
73 Origin of chondrules
219
74 Origin of calciumaluminumrich inclusions CAIs
229
87 Ureilites olivinepyroxene achondrites
257
88 Aubrites enstatite achondrites
267
89 Chemical compositions of primitive achondrites ureilites and aubrites
273
810 Summary
274
Select bibliography
275
Differentiated meteorites II asteroidal lunar and Martian basaltic meteorites
277
91 Introduction
278
92 Howardites eucrites and diogenites HEDs
280
silica undersaturated Carich basaltic achondrites
291
products of asteroidal volcanism
295
95 Lunar meteorites
296
96 Martian SNC meteorites
305
Select bibliography
319
Differentiated meteorites III iron and stony iron meteorites
321
101 Introduction
322
102 The FeNi system and the structure of iron meteorites
324
103 Chemical classification of iron meteorites
331
104 Properties of the iron meteorite groups
338
105 Stony iron meteorites
345
106 Ungrouped iron and stony iron meteorites
355
107 Summary
362
Select bibliography
363
Parent body processes and petrogenetic associations
364
111 Introduction
365
112 Early history of asteroids
366
113 The HEDIIIAB ironMGPmesosiderite association
378
114 Metamorphism in chondrite parent bodies
399
115 Petrogenetic associations
414
116 Summary
418
Origin of Solar System planets a meteoriticists view
420
121 Introduction
421
122 Protosolar matter
422
123 Trapped noble gases in chondrites
427
124 Composition and form of protosolar matter
433
125 Timing and evidence of early hypervelocity impact
434
126 Possible origins of a protojupiter
438
127 Consequences for the probability of lifesupporting planets
441
128 Summary
442
Glossary
443
Bibliography
450
Index of meteorite names
478
General index
482
Copyright

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Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 461 - LARIMER JW and ANDERS E. (1970) Chemical fractionations in meteorites — III. Major element fractionations in chondrites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 34, 367-388.
Page 455 - Grossman, JN, Rubin, AE, Nagahara, H. and King, EA (1988a) Properties of chondrules. In Kerridge, JF and Matthews, MS, eds., Meteorites and the Early Solar System, pp.
Page 453 - Duke, MB, and Silver, LT, (1967) Petrology of Eucrites, Howardites and Mesosiderites: Geochim.
Page 459 - Kallemeyn, GW, Rubin, AE, Wang. D. and Wasson, JT, 1989. Ordinary' chondrites: bulk compositions, classification, lithophile element fractionations, and composition-petrographic type relationships.
Page 459 - Kallemeyn GW and Wasson JT (1982) The compositional classification of chondrites: III. Ungrouped carbonaceous chondrites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46, 2217-2228.
Page 455 - Gounelle, M., Shu, FH, Shang, H., Glassgold, AE, Rehm, KE and Lee, T. 2001. Extinct Radioactivities and Protosolar Cosmic Rays: Self-Shielding and Light Elements. Astrophys. J. 548, 2, 1051-1070.

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About the author (2004)

Robert Hutchison was a retired research scientist and curator of meteorites at the Natural History Museum, London, prior to his death in 2007.

Bibliographic information