Understanding Eastern Philosophy
Understanding Eastern Philosophy provides an accessible critical introduction to how some of the key philosophies of the East compare with those in the West. Starting from a discussion of the problems of distinguishing between religions and philosophies, Ray Billington presents a clear picture of the key tenets behind Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism and Confucianism.
Moving on to compare the key themes of religious philosophy that cut across East and West, such as a belief in God, the soul, moral decision-making, nature and authority, Understanding Eastern Philosophy presents a fascinating and controversial picture of the contribution theistic religions have to make. With its belief in a personal God bestowing a particular version of 'truth', Ray Billington concludes that the universal mysticism characteristic of Eastern thought provides a more realistic and rewarding path than is commonly supposed in the West.
Understanding Eastern Philosophy assumes no prior knowledge of religion or philosophy.
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Eastern philosophy or Eastern religion?
The concept of God
Hinduism I Its scriptures and systems
Hinduism II Its basic teaching
The heterodox systems I
The heterodox systems II Buddhism 1 Philosophy
The heterodox systems III Buddhism 2 The way of Buddha
The heterodox systems IV Buddhism 3 Mahayana Buddhism
Chinese philosophy III Confucianism
Metaphysics without theology I The ground of being
Metaphysics without theology II Human nature and destiny
Ethics and human behaviour
Nature and community
Authority and faith
Coexistence or coinherence?
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accepted according achieved Advaita Vedanta affirmation anatman anicca argued arising atman basic behaviour belief brahman Buddha Buddhism central century ch'i Chapter characterised Chinese Christian Chuang Tzu concept Confucianism Confucius consciousness death described discussed divine doctrine duhkha earlier Earth Eastern philosophy Eastern thought emphasis enlightenment eternal existence experience expression fact faith followers gods harmony Heaven Hindu Hinduism human nature ideal ideas important Indian individual interpretation intuitive issue Jainism Jains Jesus K'ung karma karmic literally living Mahayana manifestation matter maya means meditation Mencius metaphysical mind moksha monks moral mystical nirvana one's path perfect person problem Pure Land realisation recognised refers reflected religious samadhi samsara schools seems seen sense soul spiritual Tao Te Ching tao-chiao Taoism teaching theistic religions Theravada things Tibetan tradition translation truth Tzu's ultimate universe Vedas Western word writings yin and yang Yin-Yang Yoga