Parallel Distributed Processing, Volume 2: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition: Psychological and Biological Models

Front Cover
MIT Press, Jul 29, 1987 - Psychology - 632 pages
1 Review
Reviews aren't verified, but Google checks for and removes fake content when it's identified
What makes people smarter than computers? These volumes by a pioneering neurocomputing group suggest that the answer lies in the massively parallel architecture of the human mind. They describe a new theory of cognition called connectionism that is challenging the idea of symbolic computation that has traditionally been at the center of debate in theoretical discussions about the mind.

The authors' theory assumes the mind is composed of a great number of elementary units connected in a neural network. Mental processes are interactions between these units which excite and inhibit each other in parallel rather than sequential operations. In this context, knowledge can no longer be thought of as stored in localized structures; instead, it consists of the connections between pairs of units that are distributed throughout the network.

Volume 1 lays the foundations of this exciting theory of parallel distributed processing, while Volume 2 applies it to a number of specific issues in cognitive science and neuroscience, with chapters describing models of aspects of perception, memory, language, and thought.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

The Appeal of PDP 5 Competitive Learning 9 Linear Algebra
1
Schemata and PDP 20 Anatomy and 26 Reflections
14
BASIC MECHANISMS 147
84
The Programmable Blackboard Model of Reading
122
Learning and Relearning in Boltzmann Machines
282
Learning Internal Representations by Error Propagation
318
BIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS
327
Certain Aspects of the Anatomy and Physiology of
333
A Parallel Network Simulating System
488
Health through a Career Development AwardPHSMH00385to
503
References
507
Index
517
Development Foundation and the Office of Naval Research The Sys
527
Reflections on Cognition and Parallel Distributed
531
Future Directions
547
David E Rumelhart
552

FORMAL ANALYSES
363
Neural and Conceptual Interpretation of PDP Models
390
An Analysis of the Delta Rule and the Learning
444
Resource Requirements of Standard and Programmable
460
References
553
Index
581
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1987)

James L. McClelland is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Mind, Brain, and Computation at Stanford University. He is the coauthor of Parallel Distributed Processing (1986) and Semantic Cognition (2004), both published by the MIT Press. With David E. Rumelhart, he was awarded the 2002 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Psychology for his work in the field of cognitive neuroscience on a cognitive framework called parallel distributed processing and the concept of connectionism.

David E. Rumelhart (1942-2011) served as Professor of Psychology at the University of California, San Diego and Stanford University. With James McClelland, he was awarded the 2002 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Psychology for his work in the field of cognitive neuroscience on a cognitive framework called parallel distributed processing and the concept of connectionism.

Bibliographic information