Corinth, the First City of Greece: An Urban History of Late Antique Cult and Religion
This book addresses cult and religion in the city of Corinth from the 4th to 7th centuries of our era. The work incorporates and synthesizes all available evidence, literary, archaeological and other. The interaction and conflict between Christian and non-Christian activity is placed into its urban context and seen as simultaneously existing and overlapping cultural activity. Late antique religion is defined as cult-based rather than doctrinally-based, and thus this volume focuses not on what people believed, but rather what they did. An emphasis on cult activity reveals a variety of types of interaction between groups, ranging from confrontational events at dilapidated polytheist cult sites, to full polysemous and shared cult activity at the so-called "Fountain of the Lamps." Non-Christian traditions are shown to have been recognized and viable through the sixth century. The tentative conclusion is drawn that a clear definition of "pagan" and "Christian" begins at an urban level with the Christian re-monumentalization of Corinth with basilicas. The disappearance of "pagan" cult is best attributed to the development of a new city socially and physically based in Christianity, rather than any purely "religious" development.
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altar amphorae Arcadius Aristophanes ash layer Asklepieion Asklepios Athens basilica Bath Broneer burial Byzantine C.K. Williams ceramics Chapter chips Christian church civic classical coins collapsed Constantius Constantius II continued Corinth Notebook 128 courtyard cross cult activity daimones damage debris demolition deposit destruction DeWaele discussion early Christian early fifth century earthquake east emperor evidence excavated fifth-middle sixth century floor Forum Fountain function graves Greece Gregory Hohlfelder images Imperial indicate Isthmia Isthmian games Julian Kenchreai Korinthia late antiquity late fifth-middle sixth late fourth century late fourth-fifth century late Roman period Lechaion Libanios located material Menander middle sixth century monumental mutilation Neoplatonic non-Christian Nymphaeum opus sectile pagan Palladas panels Pausanias perhaps philosophers probably religious reused ritual Rothaus sacrifice sanctuary Scranton sculpture seems seventh century sherds Sozomen springhouse statues stoa structure temenos temple Theodosius third century tion Trombley tury villa votive lamps wall Wiseman worship