Issues and Experiences: Kamaiya System, Kanara Andolan, and Tharus in Bardiya
Society for Participatory Cultural Education, 2000 - Agricultural laborers - 102 pages
Bonded labor system, a revolt by squatters claiming their rights over land, and Tharu an ethnic group in Bardiya District, Nepal.
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action research activities agricultural labourers Badghar Bansgadi Barawa Bardiya district bataiya bigha Birta bondage bonded labourers Bukrahi Kamaiya chapter Chaudhary context cultivated Damauli Dang Dangaura Tharus debt Deshaura Tharus Deudhakala Development dispossession economic Ek Saro Kamaiyas ethnic groups exploitative family members female members festival forest ghardhuriya grains Gulariya gurba Haraiya high caste historical households indigenous organisation intervention jimindars Kailali Kakaura Kamaiya system kamalahari Kanara Andolan Kanara Mul Samitee Kathmandu Khaireni Khel Kisan Sangh labour obligations Land Reform Land Reform Program landless landlords literacy loans Maghi male members migration Motipur Nepal Nepalese Nepali Congress NGOs non-Tharu peasant movements poor peasants problem Raikar Regmi relationship resettled Kamaiyas rituals role ruling elite saunki settled sharecroppers six settlements six villages social SPACE squatters structure study area sukumbasis tenancy rights tenants Terai Tharu community Tharu family Tharu society three VDCs traditional unequal unpaid labour VDCs wage labourers women