Judaism and the Gentile Faiths: Comparative Studies in Religion

Front Cover
Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press, 1981 - Religion - 411 pages
Examines the historic development of Jewish religions thought in the cross-cultural context of the world's major faiths. The law, ethics, and mysticism of Judaism are compared with their counterparts in Confucianism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, and the secular formulations of religion in modern times.
 

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Contents

The Way In the Confucian and Rabbinic Traditions
35
THE JEWISH DIASPORA IN CHINA
36
THE NATURE OF GOD AND THE ROLE OF HEAVEN
38
PREDESTINATION
39
THE IMPULSE TO MAGIC
40
GOD AND SOCIETY
42
LI AND TORAH
43
RABBINIC AND CONFUCIAN ETHICS
46
THE IMAGE OF THE MESSIAH IN JUDAISM
212
CHARACTERISTICS OF JEWISH MILLENARISM
214
THE IMAGE OF THE MESSIAH IN CHRISTIANITY
216
CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRISTIAN MILLENARISM
217
MILLENARISM AND THE CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENT
218
MILLENARISM AND THE JEWISH RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENT
221
EVOLUTIONARY MILLERNARISM THE LURIANIC KABBALAH AND JONATHAN EDWARDS
225
REVOLUTIONARY MILLENARISM SABBATIANISM AND CHRISTIAN SECTARIANISM
229

THE CONFUCIAN DOCTRINE OF RECIPROCITY
47
DIVINE RETRIBUTION IN CONFUCIANISM
49
THE RABBINIC DOCTRINE OF RECIPROCITY
51
DIVINE RETRIBUTION IN JUDAISM
54
NO CONFUCIAN BOOK OF JOB
56
RABBINIC AND CONFUCIAN PEDAGOGY
58
DISCIPLESHIP IN CONFUCIANISM
59
CONFUCIANISM FOR THE MASSES
60
THE RABBINIC CURRICULUM
61
RABBINIC DISCIPLESHIP
62
THE RABBIS AND THE FOLK
63
STUDY AND LABOR
64
NOTES
66
The Concept of Illusion in Vedanta and Kabbalah
70
THE MYSTIC WAY
72
CONTRASTING DEVELOPMENT OF JUDAISM AND HINDUISM
74
THE HUMANDIVINE ENCOUNTER IN THE UPANISHADS
75
GOD AND MAN IN THE GITA
76
THE VEDANTA SCHOOL OF SANKARA
77
SANKARA AND MAIMONIDES
80
THE VEDANTA SCHOOL OF RAMANUJA
81
RAMANUJA AND HALEVI
84
EMANCIPATION ACCORDING TO SANKARA AND RAMANUJA
85
YOGA ACCORDING TO THE G1TA
86
RAMANUJA
87
THE LURIANIC DOCTRINE OF TZIMTZUM
89
TZIMTZUM AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
90
TZIMTZUM ACCORDING TO HABAD HASIDISM
91
THE HABAD AND VEDANTA CONCEPT OF ILLUSION
92
THE DIVINE IN MANCONTRASTING VIEWS
95
MEDITATION IN THE GITA AND ACCORDING TO HABAD
96
NOTES
97
Death and Rebirth in the Buddhist and Jewish Traditions
101
THE BIBLICAL VIEW OF DEATH AND AFTERLIFE
103
THE RABBINIC VIEW OF DEATH AND AFTERLIFE
104
KARMA AND REINCARNATION IN HINDU THOUGHT
107
KARMA AND REINCARNATION IN BUDDHISM
109
BUDDHIST HEAVENS AND HELLS
111
KARMA RECIPROCITY AND MERIT IN BUDDHISM AND JUDAISM
112
THE EIGHTFOLD PATH
116
THE WAY OF THE UPRIGHT
119
BUDDHIST AND JEWISH MEDITATION
122
BUDDHIST AND JEWISH PARALLELS
123
REINCARNATION IN JEWISH MYSTICISM
129
THE JEWISH DEBATE OVER GILGUL
134
MEANING IN SUFFERING
136
NOTES
137
Religion and Politics in Classical Judaism and Islam
142
THE COMMON ORIGINS OF JUDAISM AND ISLAM
143
THE BACKGROUND OF PRIMITIVE DEMOCRACY
144
PRIMITIVE DEMOCRACY IN ANCIENT ISRAEL
146
PRIMITIVE DEMOCRACY IN PREISLAMIC ARABIA AND IN EARLY ISLAM
148
KINGSHIP IN ISRAELTHE FIRST COMMONWEALTH
149
KINGSHIP IN ISRAELTHE SECOND COMMONWEALTH
153
THE PHARISAIC AND SADDUCEAN VIEWS OF GOVERNMENT
157
THE NEXUS BETWEEN POLITICS AND RELIGION IN THE VIEWS OF THE PHARISEES AND SADDUCEES
161
RABBINIC VIEWS OF THE POLITICAL OFFICE
162
THE CALIPHATE IN ISLAM
163
THE NEXUS BETWEEN POLITICS AND RELIGION IN THE VIEWS OF THE SECRETARIES AND ULEMA
166
ISLAMIC VIEWS OF POLITICAL OFFICE
167
IMPACT ON THE SHARIA OF THE ULEMA IN GOVERNMENT
168
REVOLT AGAINST AUTHORITY IN JUDAISM
169
REVOLT AGAINST AUTHORITY IN ISLAM
172
THE HOLY WAR IN JUDAISM
177
THE JIHAD IN ISLAM
186
JEWISH PHILOSOPHERS VIEW THE STATE
192
MUSLIM PHILOSOPHERS VIEW THE STATE
194
NOTES
196
Judaism and Christianity
207
Roads to the Millennium
209
THE MILLENARIAN LEGACY OF ZOROASTRIANISM
210
PROPHETIC AND APOCALYPTIC VIEWS OF THE MILLENNIUM
211
SHABBETAI ZEVI AND SABBATIANISM
230
THE JEWISH REACTION TO SHABBETAI ZEVI
232
CHRISTIAN INFLUENCE ON SABBATIANISM
234
RADICAL CHRISTIAN SECTARIANISM
236
THE ANABAPTIST UPRISING
237
RELIGIOUS AND SECULARIST MILLENARISM
240
NOTES
243
Religious Revival and Inner A wakening
249
GERMAN PIETISM
250
ENGLISH METHODISM
254
AMERICAN REVIVALISM THE GREAT AWAKENING
259
RUSSIAN SECTARIANISM
263
JEWISH HASIDISM
267
INTERCULTURAL INFLUENCES
277
NOTES
279
Puritans and Mitnagdim
283
THE GAONS CONTRIBUTION TO JEWISH LEARNING
284
HILUKIM
289
THE PURITAN VIEW OF INTELLECT AND EMOTION
291
REASON AND EMOTION IN THE GAONS LIFE
292
THE PURITAN ETHIC
294
JEWISH ECHOES OF THE PURITAN ETHIC
295
THE GAONS VIEWS OF MONEY AND SEX
296
THE THESIS OF MAX WEBER
298
THE PURITAN VIEW OF POLITICS AND SOCIETY
300
POLITICS AND SOCIETY FROM THE VANTAGE OF THE MITNAGDIM
301
NOTES
304
The Religious Psychology of Jonathan Edwards and the Hasidic Masters of Habad
307
INTELLECT VERSUS EMOTION
308
JONATHAN EDWARDS AND SCHNEOR ZALMAN
309
THE TWIN POLES OF THE MIND
310
MIND AND BODY
312
THE SAINT AND THE AVERAGE MAN
314
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE AVERAGE MAN
316
EDWARDSS VIEW OF AUTHENTIC AND INAUTHENTIC RELIGION
317
THE HABAD VIEW OF AUTHENTIC AND INAUTHENTIC RELIGION
318
RETICENCE ON THE HUMANDIVINE ENCOUNTER
322
NOTES
325
Judaism and the Secular Challenge
329
Rabbinic Ethics and Situation Ethics
331
LAW AND LOVE IN CHRISTIAN TRADITION
332
LAW AND LOVE IN SITUATION ETHICS
333
THE PRAGMATICUTILITARIAN BENT
334
THE LIMITS OF PRAGMATISM
336
MORALS OF THE LAST DAYS
339
ORGAN TRANSPLANTS AND DIALYSIS MACHINES
340
A SITUATIONIST RESPONSUM
341
THE NATURE OF CONSCIENCE
343
THE RELATION OF MEANS AND ENDS
347
EUTHANASIA AND ANTIDYSTHANASIA
348
TRIAGE AND THE ENERGYFOOD CRISIS
349
THE SECULAR CHALLENGE
350
The Noahite Commandments The Religious Basis for World Law
354
NATURAL LAW IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY
355
THE ROMAN COMPONENT OF NATURAL LAW
356
BIBLICAL ADUMBRATIONS OF THE NOAHITE LAWS
358
THE COMMANDMENTS OF NOAH IN PHILO AND THE APOCRYPHA
359
THE NOAHITE LAWS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
360
THE NOAHITE LAWS AND THE CONVERT TO JUDAISM
361
RABBINIC AMBIVALENCE TOWARD THE NOAHITE
362
NOAHITES MUST BELIEVE IN REVELATION
364
THE ROAD OF REASON FOR THE GENTILES
366
THE DEBATE BETWEEN GROTIUS AND SELDEN
367
NOTES
369
A Final Word
371
REVELATION
372
REDEMPTION
373
NOTES
375
Bibliography
376
Index
399
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