Explaining Islamist Insurgencies: The Case Of Al-jamaah Al-islamiyyah And The Radicalisation Of The Poso Conflict, 2000-2007
Since 9/11 many books have been published on Islamic terrorism, but few of these have considered the issue from the perspective of strategic studies or in terms of an “insurgency.” As a result, much of this literature ignores the process of radicalisation and fails to ascertain why some people turn to terrorism, while others from the same background do not. To counter this trend, Explaining Islamist Insurgencies explains how and why the process of Islamist radicalisation is an important step towards acts of terrorism and in the formation of terrorist organisations by focusing on Poso, a small town in Indonesia that experienced years of armed sectarian conflict between Muslim and Chrisitian communities in 2000-2007. Building on the frameworks provided by previous studies, Muhammed Tito Karnavian employs communications theory to explore the necessary precursors for the legitimising ideology, in this case Salafi-jihadism, to be effectively disseminated.With nearly 20 years of experience in academia and counter-terrorism operations in Indonesia, and as the current Chief of Papua Police, Karnavian employs his unparalleled access to information and individuals to delineate the various stages of the radicalisation of the Poso conflict and how radical organisations, such as al-Jamaah al-Islamiyyah (JI), came to be involved. This unique first-hand account of a counter-terrorist operation concludes by offering general policy implications that will be of use to both academics and practitioners.
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AlJamaah alIslamiyyah From Insurgency to Terrorism
Violence in Poso From Armed Sectarian Conflict to Terrorism 19982007
First Causal Factor Disaffected Persons
Second Causal Factor Enabling Group
Third Causal Factor Legitimising Ideology
The Radicalisation Process of Muslims in Poso
2002 Bali bombing Abdul Muis Abdullah Abu Bakar Ba’asyir Abu Tholut activities Adnan Arsal Afghanistan al-Qaeda Ali Imron alias Abu Ambon Ampana arrested Asep attacks Bali bombing Basri began Central Sulawesi Christian community concept context dakwah Darul Islam December Detachment 88 disaffected enabling group enemy fa’i ghanimah Hambali Hasanuddin ideology indoctrination Indonesia intentionally left blank interview involved Islamic law Islamist insurgency Islamist radicalisation Jakarta Jakarta Police Detention Java JI members JI’s jihad kafir Kartosuwiryo Kayamanya killed Lasykar Jihad legitimising Malaysia Malino I Accord Maluku Mantiqi military training Mindanao mosque Mujahidin KOMPAK Muslim community Muslims Nasir Abas operations organisation Palu Pamona pesantren Philippines Police Detention Centre political Poso city Poso Muslims Poso Pesisir process of radicalisation programme qital radical recruits religious revenge Sahal Salafi Salafi-jihadism sectarian conflict South Sulawesi strategy Sungkar taklim Tanah Runtuh terrorism terrorist tion took Ustadz violence wakalah Walisongo