Chinese and Opium under the Republic, The: Worse than Floods and Wild Beasts
In the nineteenth century, opium smoking was common throughout China and regarded as a vice no different from any other: pleasurable, potentially dangerous, but not a threat to destroy the nation and the race, and often profitable to the state and individuals. Once Western concepts of addiction came to China in the twentieth century, however, opium came to be seen as a problem “worse than floods and wild beasts.” In this book, Alan Baumler examines how Chinese reformers convinced the people and the state that eliminating opium was one of the crucial tasks facing the new Chinese nation. He analyzes the process by which the government borrowed international models of drug control and modern ideas of citizenship and combined them into a program that successfully transformed opium from a major part of China’s political economy to an ordinary social problem.
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To Whom It May Concern;
I am not sure who will be receiving this comment, but I would just like to thank Google and Alan Baumler for providing this book in electronic form. I am writing an essay and this after relentless searching, this e-book was the only credible reference I could find for "Madak." Thank you, thank you.
1 Establishing a Meaning for Opium
2 The Narrative of Addiction in China and the West
3 The International Campaign against Opium
4 Warlords and Opium
5 Opium the Nationand the Revolution
6 Hankou the AntiOpium Inspectorate and Control of the Opium Trade
The Six Year Plan to Eliminate Opium