Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey
Ahmet Kuru, Alfred Stepan
Columbia University Press, Feb 14, 2012 - Political Science - 240 pages
While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several policy choices have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing social, historical, and religious context for Turkey's singular behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion and diversity to its involvement in the European Union.
Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the Ottoman toleration of diversity during its classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious diversity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. They also conduct a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms" as well as political parties, considering the Justice and Development Party in Turkey in relation to Christian Democratic parties in Europe. The contributors tackle central research questions, such as what is the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and how can Turkey's assertive secularism be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems.
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1982 Constitution Abdullah Gül Ahmet AKP’s Alevis Alfred Stepan ancien régime Ankara assertive secularism assertive secularist associations Atatürk Atatürk’ün authoritarian Catholic Christian civil Cizre Continuum countries coup Court and Political culture democracy democratic Development Party elections elite emergence Erdoğan Ergun Özbudun ethnic Europe European Union France French groups headscarf Historical Roots Ibid Ideal Type institutions intellectuals Islam Islamist Istanbul Justice and Development Kemalist ideology Kurdish laďcité leaders liberal major Management of Diversity military military’s modern Muslim Mustafa Kemal nationalist non-Muslim organizations Ottoman Empire Parla percent pluralism political parties Politics of Engagement population reforms regime religious republican Rethinking Ottoman Management role Roots of Kemalism rule schools Secularism in Turkey secularist Senegal social Society and Monolithic Sufi tion toleration traditional transformation Türk Turkey Turkey—Plural Society Turkey’s Turkish Constitutional Court Turkish model Turkish nationalism Turkish politics Turkish society University Press Western Yayınları Young Turks