Toward a Science of Consciousness II: The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates, Volume 2

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Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak, Alwyn Scott
MIT Press, 1998 - Medical - 764 pages
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This book's fifteen sections demonstrate the broad range of fields now focusing on consciousness. The sections include philosophy, cognitive science, medicine, neurobiology, neural correlates, vision, sleep and dreaming, anesthesia, molecular biology and evolution, quantum theory,spacetime, hierarchical organization, and experiential approaches.

What is consciousness? Recent attempts to answer this question have motivated two interdisciplinary conferences sponsored by the University of Arizona in Tucson. The first volume of Toward a Science of Consciousness is now considered a resource book for the emerging field. This volume presents a selection of invited papers from the second conference, held in April 1996. The book's fifteen sections demonstrate the broad range of fields now focusing on consciousness. The sections include philosophy, cognitive science, medicine, neurobiology, neural correlates, vision, sleep and dreaming, anesthesia, molecular biology and evolution, quantum theory, spacetime, hierarchial organization, and experiential approaches. Each section is preceded by an overview and commentary.

The participants include Bernard Baars, Ned Block, David J. Chalmers, Patricia S. Churchland, Daniel C. Dennett, Jeffrey Gray, Daniel Hillis, J. Allan Hobson, Stephen LaBerge, Jaron Lanier, Daniel S. Levine, Nikos K. Logothetis, Gary E. Schwartz, John R. Searle, Roger N. Shepard, Henry P. Stapp, Petra Stoerig, Charles T. Tart, John Taylor, Francisco J. Varela, Max Velmans, Roger Walsh, and Lawrence Weiskantz.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
How to Study Consciousness Scientifically
15
A Science of Consciousness as If Experience Mattered
31
Goodbye to Reductionism
45
Reductionism Revisited
71
The Myth of Double Transduction
97
Nonneural Theories of Conscious Experience
109
Whiteheads Even More Dangerous Idea
127
DoubleJudgment Psychophysics for Research
361
Biology Evolution and Consciousness
379
Bacteria as Tools for Studies of Consciousness
397
Explosion?
421
Anesthesiology
439
On the Mechanism of Action of Anesthetic Agents
459
A Neuropsychological
473
A Dynamical View
487

My Experience Your Experience and the World
143
Folk Psychology Science and the Criminal Law
157
Zombie Killer
171
A Critique of Machine
185
Neural Correlates of Consciousness
215
A Rosetta Stone for Mind and Brain?
231
The Thalamic Intralaminar
237
Anterior Cingulate Cortex Participates in the Conscious
247
Using Brain
255
A Relational Global
269
Creeping up on the Hard Question of Consciousness
279
Vision and Consciousness
293
SingleNeuron Activity and Visual Perception
309
The Role of Memory
321
How Not to Find the Neural Correlate of Consciousness
329
Speeded Digit Identification under Impaired Perceptual
339
Dreaming and Consciousness
495
A Shotgun Marriage?
513
Perspectives on Consciousness Language and Other Emergent
533
A Question
551
Emergent and Hierarchical Systems
573
Quantum Theory Spacetime and Consciousness
593
Why Are Quantum Theorists Interested in Consciousness?
609
A Discussion on the Relevance
635
Time Expansion and the Perception of Acoustic Images in
649
Transpersonal Psychology
667
Parapsychology
687
oO Why Psi Tells Us Nothing About Consciousness
701
Aesthetics and Creative Experience
715
Poetry Mental Models and Discordant Consciousness
733
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About the author (1998)

Hameroff is Professor of Anesthesiology and Psychology at the University of Arizona, Tuscon.

Kaszniak is Professor of Psychology, Neurology, and Psychiatry.

One of the pioneers in the area, Alwyn Scott entered nonlinear science as a teacher and researcher after completing his doctoral work at MIT in the late 1950s. His research, both experimental and theoretical, has addressed a wide range of topics from nonlinear laser optics to neuroscience. In 1981, Scott was selected as the founding director of the Center for Nonlinear Studies at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He was also a founding editor of Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, the first journal devoted exclusively to the area. His other books include Neuroscience: A Mathematical Primer (Springer, New York) and Nonlinear Science: Emergence and Dynamics of Coherent Structures (Oxford University Press) and he served as editor of the recently published Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science (Routledge). He completed 'The Nonlinear Universe' shortly before his untimely death in January 2007.

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