Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance

Front Cover
Martin E. Marty, R. Scott Appleby
University of Chicago Press, 1996 - Religion - 676 pages
Do fundamentalisms tend toward political activism, and how
successful have they been in remaking political structures?
To answer this question, the contributors to this volume—
political scientists, historians of religion,
anthropologists, and sociologists—discuss the anti-
abortion movement, Operation Rescue in the United States, the
Islamic war of resistance in Afghanistan, Shi'ite
jurisprudence in Iran, and other issues. The volume
considers the effect that antisecular religious movements
have had over the past twenty-five years on national
economies, political parties, constitutional issues, and
international relations on five continents and within the
traditions of Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism,
Hinduism, and Sikhism. Marty and Appleby conclude with a
synthetic statement on the fundamentalist impact on polities,
economies, and state security.
The Fundamentalism Project, Volume 3

Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby direct the
Fundamentalism Project. Marty, the Fairfax M. Cone
Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Modern
Christianity at the University of Chicago, is the senior
editor of the Christian Century and the author of
numerous books, including the multivolume Modern American
Religion, also published by the University of
Chicago Press. Appleby, a research associate at the
University of Chicago, is the author of “Church and
Age Unite!” The Modernist Impulse in American
Catholicism.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Remaking Polities
11
Introduction Fundamentalism and Politics
13
Fundamentalism and American Law
20
Fundamentalism Ethnicity and Enclave
42
Jewish Fundamentalism and the Israeli Polity
60
Shiite Jurisprudence and Constitution Making in the Islamic Republic of Iran
80
The Fundamentalist Impact on Law Politics and Constitutions in Iran Pakistan and the Sudan
102
Heirs to the Protestant Ethic? The Economics of American Fundamentalists
334
Buddhist Economics and Buddhist Fundamentalism in Burma and Thailand
359
The Economic Impact of Hindu Revivalism
402
Remaking the World through Militancy
419
Comparing Militant Fundamentalist Movements and Groups
421
Three Models of Religious Violence The Case of Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel
454
Afghanistan An Islamic War of Resistance
483
Militancy and Religion in Contemporary Iran
503

Fundamentalist Influence in Egypt The Strategies of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Takfir Groups
144
Islamic Taj did and the Political Process in Nigeria
176
The Nakshibendi Order of Turkey
196
Hindu Fundamentalism and the Structural Stability of India
225
Sikh Fundamentalism Translating History into Theory
248
Restructuring Economies
279
Fundamentalisms and the Economy
281
The Economic Impact of Islamic Fundamentalism
294
Hizbullah The Calculus of Jihad
531
Saving Americas Souls Operation Rescues Crusade against Abortion
549
Buddhism Politics and Violence in Sri Lanka
581
Conclusion Remaking the State The Limits of the Fundamentalist Imagination
612
List of Contributors
637
Index
641
Copyright

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