The Science of Energy: A Cultural History of Energy Physics in Victorian Britain
Although we take it for granted today, the concept of "energy" transformed nineteenth-century physics. In The Science of Energy, Crosbie Smith shows how a North British group of scientists and engineers, including James Joule, James Clerk Maxwell, William and James Thomson, Fleeming Jenkin, and P. G. Tait, developed energy physics to solve practical problems encountered by Scottish shipbuilders and marine engineers; to counter biblical revivalism and evolutionary materialism; and to rapidly enhance their own scientific credibility.
Replacing the language and concepts of classical mechanics with terms such as "actual" and "potential" energy, the North British group conducted their revolution in physics so astutely and vigorously that the concept of "energy"—a valuable commodity in the early days of industrialization—became their intellectual property. Smith skillfully places this revolution in its scientific and cultural context, exploring the actual creation of scientific knowledge during one of the most significant episodes in the history of physics.
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action air-engine BAAS Ben Marsden body caloric caloric theory Campbell and Garnett Cardwell Carnot's Chalmers chemical claimed Clausius Clausius's conservation of energy credibility dissipation doctrine dynamical theory Edinburgh electrical electromagnetic electromotive force entropy equations experimental experiments Faraday fluid force friction German Glenlair heat engines Helmholtz James Clerk Maxwell James Thomson Joule Joule's Jungnickel and McCormmach Kelvin Collection kinetic Lewis Campbell Macleod magnetic Marsden material matter Maxwell Collection Maxwell to Tait Maxwell's Mayer McCormmach 1986 measurement mechanical effect molecular molecules motion motive power Napier natural philosophy North British paper particles phenomena Phil physical practical presbyterian principle produced professor quantity of heat Rankine Rankine's resistance Royal Society science of energy scientific scientists of energy Scottish second law Smith and Wise steam Stokes Tait's temperature theoretical theory of heat thermo-dynamic engine thermodynamics Thomson and Tait tion Treatise Tyndall unit University velocity vis viva viva Weber William Thomson
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