Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 20, 2004 - Political Science
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Seminal thinkers of the nineteenth century - Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud - all predicted that religion would gradually fade in importance and cease to be significant with the emergence of industrial society. The belief that religion was dying became the conventional wisdom in the social sciences during most of the twentieth century. During the last decade, however, the secularization thesis has experienced the most sustained challenge in its long history. The traditional secularization thesis needs updating. Religion has not disappeared and is unlikely to do so. Nevertheless, the concept of secularization captures an important part of what is going on. This book develops a theory of secularization and existential security. Sacred and Secular is essential reading for anyone interested in comparative religion, sociology, public opinion, political behavior, political development, social psychology, international relations, and cultural change.
 

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Contents

The Secularization Debate
3
Measuring Secularization
33
Comparing Secularization Worldwide
53
The Puzzle of Secularization in the United States and Western Europe
83
A Religious Revival in PostCommunist Europe?
111
Religion and Politics in the Muslim World
133
Religion the Protestant Ethic and Moral Values
159
Religious Organizations and Social Capital
180
Secularization and Its Consequences
215
Classifications of Types of Society
243
Concepts and Measures
247
Technical Note on the Freedom of Religion Scale
253
Notes
255
Bibliography
287
Index
315
Copyright

Religious Parties and Electoral Behavior
196

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Page 325 - Schuster. P. 19. Putnam also offers a related definition: “By ‘social capital' I mean features of social life — networks, norms and trust — that enable participants to act together more effectively to pursue shared objectives.” Robert D. Putnam. 1996. “The Strange Disappearance of Civic America.
Page 322 - If a woman wants to have a child as a single parent but she doesn't want to have a stable relationship with a man, do you approve or disapprove?” (disapprove coded low). Three items used statements with

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About the author (2004)

Pippa Norris is the McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Her work analyzes comparative elections and public opinion, gender politics, and political communications. Companion volumes by this author, also published by Cambridge University Press, include A Virtuous Circle (2000), Digital Divide (2001), Democratic Phoenix (2002), Rising Tide (2003, with Ronald Inglehart) and Electoral Engineering (2004).

Ronald Inglehart is professor of political science and program director at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. His research deals with changing belief systems and their impact on social and political change. He helped found the Euro-Barometer surveys and directs the World Values Surveys. Related books include Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic and Political Change in 43 Societies (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997), Rising Tide (2003, with Pippa Norris) and Development, Cultural Change and Democracy (2004, with Christian Welzel).