The 'Final Solution' in Riga: Exploitation and Annihilation, 1941-1944
Ghetto, forced labor camp, concentration camp: All of the elements of the National Socialists' policies of annihilation were to be found in Riga. By the first week of December 1941, the Nazis had almost completely wiped out Riga's native Jewish population and then began deporting Jews from throughout the “Greater German Reich” to Riga with the aim of murdering them there. This first analysis of the Riga ghetto and the nearby camps of Salaspils and Jungfernhof addresses all aspects of German occupation policy during the Second World War: from the capture of the city and the first pogroms to the establishment of the ghetto to everyday life in the camps, the collaboration of the local Latvian agencies, and the death marches to the West. Drawing upon a broad array of sources that includes previously inaccessible Soviet archives, postwar criminal investigations, and trial records of alleged perpetrators, and the records of the Society of Survivors of the Riga Ghetto, the authors have produced an in-depth study of the Riga ghetto that never loses sight of the Latvian capital's place within the overall design of Nazi policy and the all-of-Europe dimension of the Holocaust.
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