The Terrestrial Biosphere and Global Change: Implications for Natural and Managed Ecosystems
Brian Walker, Will Steffen, Josep Canadell, John Ingram
Cambridge University Press, Mar 25, 1999 - Nature - 439 pages
This new synthesis summarizes the international research effort in the Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE) Core Project of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme in five major thematic areas: ecosystem physiology, ecosystem structure and composition, terrestrial production systems, global biogeochemistry, and ecological complexity (biodiversity). The editors present a summary of the integrated and interactive effects of global change on the terrestrial biosphere for four key regions of the world, as well as a projection of future trends in the terrestrial component of the global carbon cycle. The book also includes a section on tools developed or modified for global change research.
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agricultural analysis annual atmospheric CO2 biodiversity biogeochemical biomass biomes biosphere boreal forests canopy carbon cycle Chapin Chapter climate change CO2 concentration crop datasets deciduous decomposition decrease DGVMs disturbance regimes diversity dynamics ecological ecosys ecosystem functioning ecosystem models ecosystem processes elevated CO2 emissions environment environmental erosion evaluation evapotranspiration example factors feedbacks fire fluxes future GCTE global change gradient grass grassland growth high latitudes IGBP impacts important increase interactions land cover land-cover landscape leaf area leaf area index levels limited litter long-term major models moisture natural net primary production nitrogen nutrient ozone pasture patterns pests photosynthesis physiological plant functional types population predicted projected rainfall rangelands rates reduced regions response savannas scenarios season simulated soil organic matter spatial species composition species richness stomatal conductance studies temperature terrestrial biosphere terrestrial ecosystems tion transect trees tropical uptake UV-B variables warming weeds yield