The Structure of Time: Language, Meaning and Temporal Cognition
John Benjamins Publishing, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 286 pages
One of the most enigmatic aspects of experience concerns time. Since pre-Socratic times scholars have speculated about the nature of time, asking questions such as: What is time? Where does it come from? Where does it go? The central proposal of "The Structure of Time" is that time, at base, constitutes a phenomenologically real experience. Drawing on findings in psychology, neuroscience, and utilising the perspective of cognitive linguistics, this work argues that our experience of time may ultimately derive from perceptual processes, which in turn enable us to perceive events. As such, temporal experience is a pre-requisite for abilities such as event perception and comparison, rather than an abstraction based on such phenomena. The book represents an examination of the nature of temporal cognition, with two foci: (i) an investigation into (pre-conceptual) temporal experience, and (ii) an analysis of temporal structure at the conceptual level (which derives from temporal experience).
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Table of contents
The phenomenology of time
The Duration Sense
The Matrix Sense
A third complex model of temporality
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Agentive Sense appears approach argued attested Aymara cepts Chapter cognitive models Commodity Sense concept elaboration conceptual metaphor conceptual system conceptualised consciousness consider constitutes correlation in experience count noun deictic centre deictic motion derived distinct lexical concept distinct senses Duration Sense elaborated in terms entity Event Sense evidence examples experience of duration experiencer experiential correlation external gives rise Grady grammatical Hausa Hence Ibid implicature Instance Sense integrated interval intonation unit Jackendoff kind Lakoff lexeme lexical items lexicalised linguistic located mass noun Matrix Sense Meaning Criterion meanings associated Measurement-system Sense Moreover motion events motivated Moving Ego nature Past and Future patterns polysemy present primary metaphors prompts protracted duration reference relates relative salient Sanctioning Sense semantic memory semantic network Sense associated sensory sentences sequence special relativity suggests synchronic temporal compression temporal events temporal experience temporal lexical concepts temporal Matrix terms of motion tight correlation tion Tyler & Evans virtue word-meaning