Poland Township was the first township to be chartered in the Connecticut Western Reserve and was settled by Connecticut pioneers. Jonathan Fowler founded the township and owned an inn near Yellow Creek. This building still stands and is Polands oldest structure. An important stagecoach stop on the main highway between Cleveland and Pittsburgh, Polands population soared in the early 1800s. The first blast furnace west of the Alleghenies was built here, and William McGuffey, of the famous McGuffey readers, taught school in Poland before going on to national fame. Polands education legacy did not stop there. Polands College Street was home to eight colleges at one time, including the Poland Academy, Poland Seminary, Poland Female College, Poland Law School, and the Poland Medical College. William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States, was a graduate of the Poland Academy and Senator, and later Ambassador William Calhoun graduated from the Poland Seminary. Poland today maintains a quaint New England atmosphere, showing its colonial heritage.
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1900 photograph 25th president archives Arrel artist Chester Hunt’s Baird Mitchell Field banks of Yellow blast furnace boys track bridge over Yellow Cemetery Bridge coach College Street Connecticut Western Reserve Cortland Street Courtesy of Janie Courtesy of Poland Dobbins Road early front Ida Tarbell Janie Jenkins Kansas Road Laura Stacy left to right located Mahoning River McGuffey Memorial Day middle school North Elementary North Main north of Poland Ohio old Poland Old Stone Tavern oneroom schoolhouse photograph shows picture Poland Academy Poland Cemetery Poland community Poland Female College Poland Historical Society Poland Law Poland Manor Poland Presbyterian Church Poland schools Poland Seminary High Poland Township Poland Village Poland Woods residence Riverside Drive Road in Poland Route school housed grades second row Seminary High School Sheridan Road South Main Street Street was built town tradition Turhand Kirtland Village Hall Water Street William McGuffey William McKinley Yellow Creek bridge Youngstown