Reports of the Commission Appointed by the Admiralty, the War Office, and the Civil Government of Malta, for the Investigation of Mediterranean Fever, Parts 1-4
Harrison, 1905 - Brucellosis
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acid admitted agar slope agglutination reaction amongst animal appeared August August 11 barracks blood reaction broth broth tubes broth-tubes c.c. of blood cent colonies Company containing Cottonera Cottonera Lines cubic centimetre Culex Culex pipiens dilution disinfection dust Elmo emulsion Essex Regiment Examined blood excreted Experiment feeding Floriana flushing four glands goats Gozo growth healthy monkeys herd Imtarfa incubated at 37n infected goats infected urine inoculated isolated July June kidneys latrines liver loopful Lower St Malta Fever Mediterranean Fever Mediterranean Fever patients melitenm melitensis recovered melitensis was recovered Mellieha mesenteric mess microbe Micrococcus melitensis milk months mosquitoes naked eye o-oo o-oo occurred October organisms period Petri dish placed planted plates post-mortem ranean Fever reacted reaction obtained Ricasoli rooms samples sanitary September sergeants serum reaction skin scrapings Sliema soil spleen sterile sterilised temperature tested urine Valletta Valletta Hospital ventilation wards Zammit
Page 93 - ... caused complete agglutination of the M. melitensis, visible at once with the naked eye. The reactions thus obtained, and especially that of Goat No. 6, suggested that possibly five of the goats were suffering from Mediterranean Fever, acquired under natural conditions. The goats were stated to be healthy, but were sold cheaply, as they had given very little milk for some time. They were bought from pens in the neighbourhood of Birchircara and St. Julians, and taken straight to the lazaretto,...
Page 65 - Micrococcus mlitensis than the spleen. This fact suggests that the specific micrococci contained in the food are carried to the lymphatic glands and there undergo considerable multiplication. It has not yet been proved that the mesenteric glands are always infected at an earlier date than the femoral and axillary glands, but Experiment IV, feeding with milk, shows that this may be the case at times.
Page 22 - With regard to cows the evidence is not so clear. Kept shut up in " shippens," and seldom allowed outside, they have their food brought to them, but as this food is composed of vegetable and other refuse collected from every possible source and situation, it is easy to understand that they can hardly escape from receiving infected food from time to time.
Page 21 - Micrococcus melitensis was being excreted, indicates another way in which these animals may be infected while feeding Goats may be seen any day in the streets of the chief city of the Island of Malta feeding on filth and rubbish of every possible variety, some of it visibly saturated with urine, animal and human. Among the lower class Maltese, as above stated, workmen have been found who void living Micrococcus melitensis in their urine, as do a certain number of the infected goats.
Page 64 - Mierococciis melitensis in the milk. 3. The excretion of the specific microbe may continue steadily for three months without any change occurring in the physical character or chemical composition of the milk, and without the animal exhibiting any signs of ill health.
Page 22 - Micrococcus melitensis in their urine, as do a certain number of the infected goats. Thus the path of this manner of infection becomes clear. Having satisfied their hunger in this manner, the goats lie down in the streets to digest their meal with their teats and udders often in contact with the ordure of the gutters and roads, till they are kicked up by the goat-herd to be milked into the vessel brought to the doors of the adjacent houses by their occupants. It is hence not to be wondered at that...
Page 65 - Monkeys infected by feeding sometimes suffer from a typical wave of fever and lose flesh, at other times they show no obvious signs of ill health, and may even gain in weight.
Page 66 - RAMC, and Captain JC KENNEDY, RAMC (Received December 16, 1905.) (PlATE 2.) Epidemiological inquiries having shown that while the consumption of infected milk may, and probably does, account for much of the Mediterranean Fever amongst the Maltese, yet many cases occur among the military and naval populations in Malta which cannot be attributed to this cause. Accordingly, a study of mosquitoes as possible carriers of the Min-fK-arcnx meliteiisix was commenced.
Page 97 - July 6 and 8 the milk was again examined and similar results were obtained. A sample of the milk was submitted to Dr. Zammit for chemical analysis ; he obtained the following results : — Specific gravity at 15° C 1031 Total solids, 14'0 per cent. ; fat, 3'6 per cent. ; ash, 073 per cent. Examination of a Herd Supplying Milk to Sliema. Two goats were bought from this herd and placed in the lazaretto. The pens were in the neighbourhood of Misida. Goat No. 15. — On July 5 the blood was examined...