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action activity adre adrenal glands adrenal secretion adrenal veins adrenin alimentary canal American Journal amount of adrenin anesthesia animals Archiv fiir arterial pressure asphyxia autonomic average blood pressure blood sugar bodily changes body cannula cause cent centimeter of adrenin central nervous system circulation citement coagulation cranial cubic centimeter curare digestive dilation discharge disturbance effect electrodes emotional excitement evidence experiments fatigued muscle fear and rage femoral femoral vein gastric juice glycosuria grams Gruber heart impulses increased indicated inhibition injected adrenin innervations instances instinct intestinal Journal of Physiology kilo left splanchnic nerves lever liver ment milligram millimeters of mercury minutes muscular nerve-muscle neurones observations occur organs pain period peristalsis produce rapid clotting record reflex removed shortening shown skeletal muscles spinal cord splanchnic nerves splanchnic stimulation stomach strong emotion supply sympathetic division tibialis anticus tion tube urine vessels viscera W. B. Cannon
Page 223 - Some sunk down, and there remained no strength in them ; others exceedingly trembled and quaked ; some were torn with a kind of convulsive motion in every part of their bodies, and that so violently that often four or five persons could not hold one of them.
Page 275 - We both fear, and wish to kill, anything that may kill us; and the question which of the two impulses we shall follow is usually decided by some one of those collateral circumstances of the particular case, to be moved by which is the mark of superior mental natures.
Page 37 - Schafer in using adrenin to designate the substance produced physiologically by the adrenal glands. tern precisely as if they were receiving nervous impulses. For example, when adrenin is injected into the blood, it will cause pupils to dilate, hairs to stand erect, blood vessels to be constricted, the activities of the alimentary canal to be inhibited, and sugar to be liberated from the liver. These ~ effects are not produced by action of the substance on the central nervous system, but by direct...
Page 24 - The preganglionic fibres of the autonomic system are in solid lines, the postganglionic in dash-lines. The nerves of the cranial and sacral divisions are distinguished from those of the thoracico-lumbar or "sympathetic
Page 24 - Tear gland Dilator of pupil Artery of salivary gland Hair Surface artery Sweat gland Heart Hair Surface artery Sweat gland Liver Stomach Visceral artery Spleen Intestine Adrenal gland Hair Surface artery Sweat gland Colon Bladder Rectum Artery of external genitals FIGURE 1.—Diagram of the more important distributions of the autonomic nervous system.
Page 223 - I think there needs no great penetration to understand this. They are honest, upright men who really feel the love of God in their hearts. But they have little experience either of the ways of God or the devices of Satan. So he serves himself...
Page 11 - The cat was soon removed, and the dog pacified. Now the dog was again given the sham feeding for five minutes. In spite of the fact that the animal was hungry and ate eagerly, there was no secretion worthy of mention. During a period of twenty minutes, corresponding to the previous observation, only 9 cubic centimeters of acid fluid were produced, and this was rich in mucus.
Page 33 - ... vessels can be found at the beginning of the incident, and relief from this distension at the end. Although distention is the commonest occasion for bringing the sacral division into activity it is not the only occasion. Great emotion, such as is accompanied by nervous discharges via the sympathetic division, may also be accompanied by discharges via the sacral fibres. The involuntary voiding of the bladder and lower gut at times of violent mental stress is well-known.
Page 269 - Thus are the body's reserves — the stored adrenin and the accumulated sugar — called forth for instant service ; thus is the blood shifted to nerves and muscles that may have to bear the brunt of struggle ; thus is the heart set rapidly beating to speed the circulation; and thus, also, are the activities of the digestive organs for the time abolished. Just as in war between nations the arts and industries which have brought wealth and contentment must suffer serious neglect or be wholly set aside...
Page 36 - Lying anterior to each kidney is a small body — the adrenal gland. It is composed of an external portion or cortex, and a central portion or medulla. From the medulla can be extracted a substance, called variously suprarenin, adrenin, epinephrin or "adrenalin," * which, in extraordinarily minute amounts, affects the structures innervated by the sympathetic division of the autonomic system precisely as if they were receiving nervous impulses. For example, when adrenin is injected into the blood,...