The Scientific Outlook
'A scientific opinion is one which there is some reason to believe is true; an unscientific opinion is one which is held for some reason other than its probable truth.'- Bertrand Russell
One of Russell's most important books, this early classic on science illuminates his thinking on the promise and threat of scientific progress. Russell considers three questions fundamental to an understanding of science: the nature and scope of scientific knowledge, the increased power over nature that science affords, and the changes in the lives of human beings that result from new forms of science. With customary wit and clarity, Russell offers brilliant discussions of many major scientific figures, including Aristotle, Galileo, Newton and Darwin.
With a new introduciton by David Papineau, King's College, London.
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abstract animals argument artificial atoms become behaviour believe Bertrand Russell bodies causal causal laws cause concerned conditioned reflex considered course Darwin desires discovery doubt Eddington effect Einstein emergent evolution ence example exist experience fact Galileo Galileo Galilei give governing class Holy Office human hypothesis important impulse increase individual induction industrial inference intellectual intelligence invent knowledge law of gravitation law of thermodynamics Leibniz less logical mathematical matter means mechanism mental metaphysical mind nation natural selection nature Newton's nitrogen observed oligarchy opinion organization Pavlov philosophers physical world physicists political population possible practical present principle probable produce psycho-analysis psychology purely purpose quantum quantum mechanics question reason regard religion result Revolution Russell Russell's scientific method scientific society scientific technique sense Sir James Jeans social suppose theory things thought tific tion tonian traditional true truth universe whole workers