Logic, Rhetoric and Legal Reasoning in the Qur'an: God's Arguments

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Routledge, Apr 8, 2014 - History - 272 pages
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Muslims have always used verses from the Qur'an to support opinions on law, theology, or life in general, but almost no attention has been paid to how the Qur'an presents its own precepts as conclusions proceeding from reasoned arguments. Whether it is a question of God's powers of creation, the rationale for his acts, or how people are to think clearly about their lives and fates, Muslims have so internalized Qur'anic patterns of reasoning that many will assert that the Qur'an appeals first of all to the human powers of intellect. This book provides a new key to both the Qur'an and Islamic intellectual history. Examining Qur'anic argument by form and not content helps readers to discover the significance of passages often ignored by the scholar who compares texts and the believer who focuses upon commandments, as it allows scholars of Qur'anic exegesis, Islamic theology, philosophy, and law to tie their findings in yet another way to the text that Muslims consider the speech of God.
 

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Contents

1 The Covenant
1
2 Signs and precedents
25
3 The Sunna of God
41
4 Rules commands and reasons why
59
5 Legal arguments
83
6 Comparison
110
7 Contrast
130
8 Categorical arguments
152
9 Conditional and disjunctive arguments
170
10 Technical terms and debating technique
192
11 Conclusions
203
Notes
209
Bibliography
230
Index to Qurānic Verses
241
Index
248
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About the author (2014)

Rosalind Ward Gwynne studied at Portland State University, the Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, Shemlan, Lebanon, and the University of Washington. She was a Fulbright Fellow in Yemen. She is Associate Professor of Islamic Studies in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Tennessee.

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