The Synaptic Organization of the Brain
Gordon M. Shepherd
Oxford University Press, 1998 - Science - 638 pages
In this volume, leading authorities have joined together to provide accounts of the best understood brain regions. Each contributor uses the same format in covering the neural elements, synaptic connections, basic circuits, physiology, pharmacology, dendritic properties and functional implications of brain structures, so that readers can easily recognize common principles and specific adaptations. A new chapter on the cochlear nucleus highlights the neural basis of audition, and supplements the analyses of vision in the retina, lateral geniculate and visual cortex, and of olfaction in the olfactory bulb and cortex.
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Introduction to Synaptic Circuits
Membrane Properties and Neurotransmitter Actions
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action potentials activation afferent amplitude ANFs arbor axons basal bipolar cells boutons Brain Res burst Ca2+ calcium cell body cell dendrites cell types cerebellar channels Chap cholinergic circuits climbing fiber cochlear nucleus collaterals conductance cone cortical areas dendritic spines dendritic tree depolarization distal dorsal electrotonic EPSPs excitation excitatory firing functional GABA GABAB receptors GABAergic ganglion cell geniculate glomeruli glutamate Golgi granule cells Haberly hippocampus hyperpolarization inhibition inhibitory innervate interneurons intracellular IPSP layer Llinas Lond mediated membrane potential mitral cell modulation monosynaptic mossy fibers motoneurons neocortex neostriatum Neurosci neurotransmitter NMDA odor olfactory bulb organization output parallel fibers pathway patterns Physiol piriform cortex postsynaptic potassium presynaptic properties Purkinje cell pyramidal cells pyramidal neurons receptors regions relay cells response retina segment sensory soma spike spinal cord spiny neurons stimulation studies synaptic input terminals thalamic threshold tion transmitter visual cortex