Kashmir in Comparative Perspective: Democracy and Violent Separatism in India

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Psychology Press, 2002 - History - 212 pages
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This book investigates the factors that led to the breakdown of democracy and the rise of violent separatism in Jammu and Kashmir in the 1980s, and how the risk of a large-scale war has grown in South Asia in the 1990s. Solutions to this conflict need to be based on knowledge about what caused it as well as perspectives on why this conflict is so particularly dangerous. Widmalm offers answers in this book, with systematic comparisons over time to establish the causes of the conflict. He refutes the contention that ethnic factors are the main cause, while acknowledging that ethnic dividing lines are salient features of the conflict today. Interviews with representatives of the Indian government, the ISI in Pakistan and separatist leaders in Jammu and Kashmir are also incorporated.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Explaining Violent Separatism
8
Jammu and Kashmir in Transition
30
The Rise and Fall of Democracy
56
Avoiding Violent Separatism in India
96
The Most Dangerous Place in the World
126
Epilogue The Causes of Violent Separatism
153
Notes
159
Appendix
186
Index
206
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About the author (2002)

Sten Widmalm is Assistant Professor at the Department of Government, Uppsala University, and lectures in comparative politics, South Asia studies, and the field of development and conflict studies. Besides carrying out research on the conflict in Kashmir, Widmalm is currently working on a study of the Panchayat reforms in India.

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