The Definition of Death: Contemporary Controversies
Stuart J. Youngner, Robert M. Arnold, Renie Schapiro
JHU Press, Oct 15, 2002 - Medical - 368 pages
In the 1980s, following the recommendation of a presidential commission, all fifty states replaced previous cardiopulmonary definitions of death with one that also included total and irreversible cessation of brain function. The Definition of Death: Contemporary Controversies is the first comprehensive review of the clinical, philosophical, and public policy implications of our effort to redefine the change in status from living person to corpse. Edited by Stuart J. Youngner, Robert M. Arnold, and Renie Schapiro, the book is the result of a collaboration among internationally recognized scholars from the fields of medicine, philosophy, social science, law, and religious studies. Throughout, the contributors struggle to reconcile inconsistencies and gaps in our traditional understanding of death and to respond to the public's concern that, in the determination of death under current policies, patients' interests may be compromised by the demand for organ retrieval. Their questions about the philosophical and scientific bases for determining death lead, inevitably, to more profound questions of social policy. Acknowledging that the definition of death is as much a social construct as a scientific one, the authors, in their analysis of these issues, provide a comprehensive and provocative source of information for students and scholars alike.
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accepted activity adopted alive anencephalic apnea test argued asystole Beecher Bernat bioethics biological body brain death brain function brain-dead patients brain-death criterion brainstem brainstem death Brody cardiac cardiopulmonary cerebral choice Christian circulatory clinical coma concept of death concerns controversy Council of Ethics criterion of death critical cultural Danish Danish Council debate declared dead defining death definition of death determination of death determining death diagnosis of brain discussion donor dying euthanasia fundamentalist Harvard heart transplants higher-brain definition human ical individual integrative functioning irreversible cessation irreversible loss issue JAMA Japanese Jewish law Judaism Medical Ethics moral neurological Noshi occurs organ donation organ procurement organ transplantation percent persistent vegetative person philosophical physicians physiological President's commission protocol public policy question redefine religious respiration respiratory resuscitation secular social society standard statute talmudic tion traditional treatment UDDA understanding Veatch whole-brain criteria whole-brain death York Youngner
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