The Origins of Greek Religion
Nilsson's seminal work on Minoan-Myceanaean religion had its second edition in 1950 prior to the decipherment of Linear B; yet he found much in the archaeological record of the Bronze Age which he associated with later Greek religion. In that respect his insights were vindicated by the reading of those tablets which bore the names of classical Greek divinities, though at tme time new conclusions were needed about Indo-European arrival in Greek lands. Dietrich, with Nilsson very much in mind, starts from the premises that beliefs and their associated rites are inherently conservative; that, even where populations change, they tend to do so gradually, creating fusions rather than wholesale disruptions in ritual practice. An understanding of classical Greek religion thus, necessarily, depends on appreciation of its forerunners in the Bronze Age; and they, in turn, on evidence from the better documented religions of the Middle East. Dietrich's four main chapters deal first with those eastern links; then with the old traditions of Minoan Crete; next with the interplay of pre-Greek Minoan and Greek Mycenaean cultures; and finally he attempts to bridge the commonly assumed divide between bronze age and archaic Greece. Appendixes deal with Minoan peak-sanctuaries, with Apollo at Delphi, and (sympathetically) with Nilsson's pervasive view that Greek mythology was first formulated in the Mycenaean age. In these areas a great deal more work has been done since 1974. Dietrich's thoroughly researched work was at once trend-setting and provocative. It is here made available for the first time in paperback; for it still contains much of importance for the student of Greek religion.
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Aegean Anatolian animal Apollo archaeological Archaic Argolid Artemis aspects associated Athena Attica Babylonian belief birth Bronze Age bull burial Çatal Hüyük cave cult centre century chthonic classical connection continued Cretan Crete cult cult localities cultic culture Dark Age deity Delphi Demeter Desb Desborough divine Dorians East Eastern Eileithyia Eleusis epic Evans evidence example Faure figure figurines Fonct functions Gesch gods Gortyn Greece Greek religion Hagia Hagia Triada Helladic Hesiod Homer Hurrian ibid idols king kingship Knossos Kronos Kumarbi Late mainland male Mellaart Minoan Minoan and Mycenaean Mycenae Mycenaean world Mylonas myth nature goddess Neolithic Nilsson op.cit original palace peak cult peak sanctuaries perhaps period Petsophas phratries Picard polis Poseidon Potnia pottery probably Protogeometric Pylos religious remains ritual sacred scene Schadhermeyr second millennium shrines statuettes Submycenaean Sumerian survived tablets temple tombs tradition votive wanax Weather-god worship Zeus