Physical Activity in Later Life: The Role of Constraints, Negotiation, Motivation, Selective Optimization with Compensation (SOC), Age and Gender
The third study added selective optimization with compensation (SOC) to the examination of the constraint negotiation process of physically active leisure. There were significant interactions between SOC and motivation for negotiation strategies and physical activity duration. In the case of negotiation, there was a positive relationship between SOC and negotiation across motivation levels, with increases most pronounced for people with low motivation. In the case of duration, there was a negative relationship between SOC and duration for people with low to moderate motivation whereas there was a positive relationship between SOC and duration for people with high motivation.
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of Age and Gender
Orientation to Chapter 2
Orientation to Chapter 3
Orientation to Chapter 4
Summary and Conclusions
50 and older age and gender Baltes behavior Cleveland Metroparks constraint negotiation process constraint-effects-mitigation constraints and negotiation constraints on participation Crawford duration of physical Effect of SOC factors findings fitness activities frequency and duration Gerontology Godbey hierarchical model Hubbard & Mannell Hubbard and Mannell’s hypothesized model influence intensity levels interactive effect intrapersonal constraints Jackson Journal of Leisure leisure activities leisure participation Leisure Research Leisure Sciences leisure-time physical activity levels of constraint levels of physical management strategies measures of physical middle-aged and older Moen negotiation and motivation negotiation strategies older adults optimization with compensation overall physically active participate in physical physical activity participation physically active leisure questionnaire regression regression analysis relationship between constraints relationship between motivation relationship between SOC respondents role sample selective optimization self-efficacy SOC and motivation SOC strategies social psychology sport or fitness structural constraints structural equation modeling subdimensions subscale Tsorbatzoudis variables women