Gender Across Languages: The Linguistic Representation of Women and Men, Volume 2
Marlis Hellinger, Hadumod Bussmann
John Benjamins Publishing, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 348 pages
This is the second of a three-volume comprehensive reference work on Gender across Languages , which provides systematic descriptions of various categories of gender (grammatical, lexical, referential, social) in 30 languages of diverse genetic, typological and socio-cultural backgrounds. Among the issues discussed for each language are the following: What are the structural properties of the language that have an impact on the relations between language and gender? What are the consequences for areas such as agreement, pronominalisation and word-formation? How is specification of and abstraction from (referential) gender achieved in a language? Is empirical evidence available for the assumption that masculine/male expressions are interpreted as generics? Can tendencies of variation and change be observed, and have alternatives been proposed for a more equal linguistic treatment of women and men? This volume (and the previous two volumes) will provide the much-needed basis for explicitly comparative analyses of gender across languages. All chapters are original contributions and follow a common general outline developed by the editors. The book contains rich bibliographical and indexical material.Languages of Volume 2: Chinese, Dutch, Finnish, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish, Vietnamese, Welsh.
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Gender across languages
In Chinese men and women are equal or women and men are equal?
Genderrelated use of sentencefinal particles in Cantonese
Reality and representation
Towards a more genderfair usage in Netherlands Dutch
The communication of gender in Finnish
Unnatural gender in Hindi
Masculine generics in current Icelandic
Gender and female visibility in Italian
address terms adjectives agreement asymmetries bokmål Cantonese China Chinese language compounds connotations contexts cultural denoting dialects dictionary discussion Dutch English epicene example exist expressions father’s female and male feminine forms feminist Finnish Gender across languages gender system gender-specific German girl grammatical gender graphs guidelines hijras Hindi husband Icelandic inflectional Italian kinship terms language and gender language planning language reform lexical gender linguistic m.pl masculine masculine and feminine masculine form masculine nouns meaning men’s Morgunblašiš morphological mother mujer neuter neutral non-sexist language Norwegian noun class nynorsk occupational titles personal nouns personal pronouns plural political pronominal proverbs referential gender self-reference semantic sentence-final particles sentences sexist singular social socialist society sociolinguistic Spanish speakers speaking specific suffixes Sulekha teacher terms of address tion tōi traditional University University of Tromsų unmarked usage verb Vietnamese Welsh language wife wives woman word