Faustina I and II: Imperial Women of the Golden Age
The elder Faustina (c. 97 - 140 AD) was the wife of Antonius Pius and the aunt of Marcus Aurelius, and her more prominent daughter, Faustina II (130 - 175), the wife of Marcus Aurelius and the mother of Commodus. Bearing the same name, and both the wives of rulers, these women shed valuablelight on the role of imperial women in in what is often considered the golden age of the Roman Empire. Barbara Levick's Faustina I and II highlights the importance of these women to the internal politics of the Empire during this period and shows how they are links in a chain of elite Roman women for whom varying levels of recognition and even power were available. The Faustinae, as they are jointlycalled, come between the discreet Matidiae, the discreetly manipulative Plotina (Trajan's women), the philosophical Sabina (Hadrian's wife) and in the Severan dynasty Julia Domna, who has had a very high profile. In assessing their place in this chain, Levick will examine especially Faustina II'sdeep involvement in palace politics, her enhancement of her mother's position, and her possible role in the revolt of Avidius Cassius (175). This book will also bring together and display the material evidence for their lives and legacies. There is an abundance of inscriptions and coins that provide firm evidence for their public status in Rome, Italy, and various parts of the Empire. Portraiture is also examined, in particular to seehow much Faustina I and II were identified by artists, and how close a precedent Faustina II was for Domna, as their titulature suggests she was. Overall, this learned study carefully balances the evidence to explain how these women were at once continuators of a dynasty and emblems of the ideals ofRoman marriage, and yet also the target of rumors of infidelity and treason, with reputations that are often in stark contrast to those of their husbands.
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TWO The Empresses and Womens Power
THREE The Succession to Hadrian
FOUR The Faustinas as Empresses 138175
FIVE Public and Private in the Dynasty
Association Assimilation and Consecration
SEVEN Faustinas Children and the End of the Antonines
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A. R. Birley adoption Aelius Caesar Agrippina Alföldi Ameling Annia Annius Verus Antoninus Pius Asia Aurelius Avidius Avidius Cassius betrothed birth Boatwright Caes Cassius Ceionia celebrated century Ceres Champlin chapter Chausson child citing Claudius Severus coinage coins Commodus Commodus’s Concord connexion consul consulship Cornificia CREBM daughter deified Faustina deities Diva Domitia Lucilla Domna dynasty Elagabalus emperor empire empress Ephesus Fadilla father Faus Faustina II favour Fittschen 1982 Fronto Galeria Hadrian Haines heir Hekster Herodes Atticus Historia Augusta honour husband imperial family inscriptions Julia Julia Domna Levick Livia Marcus and Faustina Marcus’s Marius marriage married Matidia mother Nero Noreńa Pflaum Pius’s Pliny Plotina Pompeianus prefect Priwitzer 2009 Quintillus reign Rémy Roman Rome Rupilia Senate senatorial Septimius Severus Servianus Severan sister status story surviving Syme temple Temporini Tiberius Trajan twins Ummidius Quadratus Verus’s Vibia Sabina Wallinger 1990 wife woman women younger