Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

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University of Texas Press, Nov 15, 2015 - History - 423 pages

Drawing on a newly developed theoretical definition of “missed opportunity,” Chances for Peace uses extensive sources in English, Hebrew, and Arabic to systematically measure the potentiality levels of opportunity across some ninety years of attempted negotiations in the Arab-Israeli conflict. With enlightening revelations that defy conventional wisdom, this study provides a balanced account of the most significant attempts to forge peace, initiated by the world’s superpowers, the Arabs (including the Palestinians), and Israel. From Arab-Zionist negotiations at the end of World War I to the subsequent partition, the aftermath of the 1967 War and the Sadat Initiative, and numerous agreements throughout the 1980s and 1990s, concluding with the Annapolis Conference in 2007 and the Abu Mazen-Olmert talks in 2008, pioneering scholar Elie Podeh uses empirical criteria and diverse secondary sources to assess the protagonists’ roles at more than two dozen key junctures.

A resource that brings together historiography, political science, and the practice of peace negotiation, Podeh’s insightful exploration also showcases opportunities that were not missed. Three agreements in particular (Israeli-Egyptian, 1979; Israeli-Lebanese, 1983; and Israeli-Jordanian, 1994) illuminate important variables for forging new paths to successful negotiation. By applying his framework to a broad range of power brokers and time periods, Podeh also sheds light on numerous incidents that contradict official narratives. This unique approach is poised to reshape the realm of conflict resolution.

 

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Contents

ChaPter one The FaysalWeizmann Agreement 1919
18
ChaPter three The UN Partition Plan 1947
36
The Husni Zaʿim Initiative 1949
58
ChaPter seven EgyptianIsraeli Contacts 19651966
78
ChaPter nine The Rogers Plan 1969
93
ChaPter eleven Disengagement Agreements with Egypt and Syria
137
ChaPter thirteen The Arab Peace Plan and the Reagan Plan
157
ChaPter fourteen The IsraeliLebanese Peace Agreement
173
ChaPter eighteen The IsraeliJordanian Peace Treaty 1994
235
ChaPter twenty The Camp David Summit the Clinton Parameters
276
ChaPter twentyone The Arab Peace Initiative 20022014
304
ChaPter twentytwo The US Road Map April 2003
324
ChaPter twentythree The Annapolis Conference and
340
Conclusions
359
Level of Plausibility of Missed Opportunity Conditions 15
360
References
373

ChaPter sixteen The Shultz Initiative 1988 and the Shamir
196
ChaPter seventeen The Madrid Conference 1991 and the Oslo
208

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About the author (2015)

Elie Podeh is a Bamberger and Fuld Chair in the Department of Islamic and Middle East Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a senior research fellow at the Harry S. Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace. He is also a board member of Mitvim—the Israeli Institute for Regional Foreign Policies.

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