Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance:: Issues and Perspectives

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National Academies Press, Feb 12, 1999 - Education - 328 pages
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Spending on K-12 education across the United States and across local school districts has long been characterized by great disparities--disparities that reflect differences in property wealth and tax rates. For more than a quarter-century, reformers have attempted to reduce these differences through court challenges and legislative action. As part of a broad study of education finance, the committee commissioned eight papers examining the history and consequences of school finance reform undertaken in the name of equity and adequacy. This thought-provoking, timely collection of papers explores such topics as:

  • What do the terms "equity" and "adequacy" in school finance really mean?
  • How are these terms relevant to the politics and litigation of school finance reform?
  • What is the impact of court-ordered school finance reform on spending disparities?
  • How do school districts use money from finance reform?
  • What policy options are available to states facing new challenges from court decisions mandating adequacy in school finance?
  • When measuring adequacy, how do you consider differences in student needs and regional costs?
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1970 to the Present
7
Its Evolution Impact and Future
34
3 The Impact of CourtMandated School Finance Reform
72
What Do the New Dollars Buy?
99
5 The Politics of School Finance in the 1990s
136
The Promise and Problems of Moving to a New Paradigm
175
Translating Adequacy into State School Finance Distribution Arrangements
209
You Cant Have One Without the Other
260
Biographical Summaries of Contributors
298
Index
305
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