People and Spaces in Roman Military Bases
This study uses artefact distribution analyses to investigate the activities that took place inside early Roman imperial military bases. Focusing especially on non-combat activities, it explores the lives of families and other support personnel who are widely assumed to have inhabited civilian settlements outside the fortification walls. Spatial analyses, in GIS-type environments, are used to develop fresh perspectives on the range of people who lived within the walls of these military establishments, the various industrial, commercial, domestic and leisure activities in which they and combat personnel were involved, and the socio-spatial organisation of these activities and these establishments. The book includes examples of both legionary fortresses and auxiliary forts from the German provinces to demonstrate that more material-cultural approaches to the artefact assemblages from these sites give greater insights into how these military communities operated and demonstrate the problems of ascribing functions to buildings without investigating the full material record.
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Rottweil Ara Flaviae Forts I and II 152
A Accessing and using the data and the distribution maps 359
preparation and assessment
preparation and assessment of the data 399
preparation and assessment of the data 415
preparation and assessment of the data 421
G Drawings ofartefacts 437
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activities Allason-Jones Allison analyses archaeological area of Buildings argued artefact assemblages artefact distribution patterns ascribed associated with women B¨ohme B¨ohme-Sch¨onberger barrack buildings bone bronze bronze rings brooches Building 12 Building F categorised cent cloth-working coins combat dress items combat equipment concentration cutting and sharpening datable to Period dated to Period density discussed dress-related items Ellingen Interactive Map Ellingen Zanier 1992 evidence excavated area fabrica female Figure finger rings forts Franke gaming items gender Hesselbach horse equipment identified included inside Legio XI Claudia legionary fortress male male?/female material melon beads metalworking military sites non-combatant north-west notable Oberstimm Interactive Map pendants percentages personnel pits Pompeii possibly pre-Claudian contexts principalis probably remains Reproduced with permission Roman military bases Sch¨onberger 1978 senior officers sherds socio-spatial practices spatial specific suggests toilet trenches utilitarian ceramics Vetera I Hanel Vetera Interactive Map vexillatio Vindolanda tablets Vindonissa women and children women’s dress worn