The Victoria History of the County of Oxford: Henley-on-Thames and environs
University of London, Institute of Historical Research, 2011 - History - 375 pages
Focused on the south-west Chilterns, this volume looks at the riverside market town of Henley-on-Thames, now famous for its annual Royal Regatta, and at the four neighbouring parishes of Bix, Harpsden, Rotherfield Greys and Rotherfield Peppard. Henley began as a planned town, probably in the late twelfth century, and became a major inland port, funnelling grain, wood and (later) malt into London. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it developed as a coaching centre, and from the nineteenth flourished as a fashionable resort and commuting area, following the belated arrival of the railway and the self-conscious promotion of the Regatta. The adjoining parishes stretch from the river to the Chilterns uplands, comprising a mixed landscape of wood pasture, small hedged closes, and (in the Middle Ages) small open fields. Settlement is characteristically dispersed, and as elsewhere in the Chilterns the balance between crops, grazing and wood exploitation varied over time. The area contains deserted or shrunken settlements, including Bolney and the newly-discovered site of Bix Gibwyn church; its important buildings include Greys Court, established probably in the eleventh century, while Henley itself contains a richness of eighteenth-century brick-built houses alongside medieval timber-framing, several examples of which have recently been dated by dendrochronology.
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HENLEY AND THE CHILTERNS
HENLEY PARISH AND BOROUGH
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19th century arable Assendon award and map Badgemore Bell Street beneﬁted Bix Brand bldgs Blount’s Court Bolney Boro boundary Brakspear Briers building built chapel Chilterns church Cooper and Caldecott corporation cottages Cottingham devpt of town Dioc early 20th century econ farm Fawley Fawley Court ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬁve former Friar Park Friday Street Greys Court hall Harpsden Court Harpsden Wood Hart Street Henley Bridge Henley Rural District Henley-on-Thames Henley’s Highmoor Ibid included Iohn John Kelly’s land late later edns leased London lord Lower Assendon manor medieval Middle Ages Middle Assendon MSS Oxf Nettlebed Northﬁeld ofﬁce Oxford Oxfordshire parish Park Peberdy Phyllis Court poor presumably PROB probably recorded Recs rector reﬂected regatta relig remained road Rotherﬁeld Greys Rotherﬁeld Peppard Sale Cat Satwell settlement Shiplake signiﬁcant social hist sold Stonor tenants Thames tithe award town’s VCH Oxon Whitelocke William wood woodland