The Fragile Scholar: Power and Masculinity in Chinese Culture
The Fragile Scholar examines the pre-modern construction of Chinese masculinity from the popular image of the fragile scholar (caizi) in late imperial Chinese fiction and drama. The book is an original contribution to the study of the construction of masculinity in the Chinese context from a comparative perspective (Euro-American). Its central thesis is that the concept of "masculinity" in pre-modern China was conceived in the network of hierarchical social and political power in a homosocial context rather than in opposition to "woman." In other words, gender discourse was more power-based than sex-based in pre-modern China, and Chinese masculinity was androgynous in nature. The author explains how the caizi discourse embodied the mediation between elite culture and popular culture by giving voice to the desire, fantasy, wants and tastes of urbanites.
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Analects of Confucius Baoyu beauty caizi-jiaren novels caizi-jiaren romances Cao Cao Chapter characterized Chinese culture Chinese history Chinese literature Chinese masculinity classical Confucian discourse Confucian scholars construction of masculinity context discussion dominant discourse Dong elite emperor examination female feminine fiction fragile scholar gender discourse girl Guan Yu Han dynasty haohan hegemonic hero heterosexual homoerotic homosexuality homosocial Hong Niang Ibid ideal Idema ideology imperial jade jiaren junzi Li Kui Liu Bei mainly male body marriage moral official play poem political popular pre-modern China qing Qu Yuan Red Chamber relations relationship representation role scholar-beauty SGYY social society Song dynasty Song Jiang Song Yu stereotyped story Student Zhang subversive symbolic texts textual Three Kingdoms traditional Chinese Wang Shifu Water Margin Western Wing wife woman women Wu Song Yan Qing yin/yang Yingying Yuan drama Yuan zaju zaju Zheng Heng Zhou
Page 2 - There is no gender identity behind the expressions of gender; that identity is performatively constituted by the very "expressions" that are said to be its results.
Page 9 - Orientalized' - and to believe that such things happen simply as a necessity of the imagination, is to be disingenuous. The relationship between Occident and Orient is a relationship of power, of domination, of varying degrees of a complex hegemony, and is quite accurately indicated in the title of KM Panikkar's classic Asia and Western Dominance* The Orient was Orientalized not only because it was discovered to be 'Oriental...