The Dynamics of Global Dominance: European Overseas Empires, 1415-1980

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Yale University Press, 2000 - History - 524 pages
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For centuries Europeans ruled vast portions of the world, as inhabitants of west European countries sailed to distant continents and took possession of territories whose societies and economies they set out to change. How and why did these farflung empires form, persist, and finally fall? David Abernethy addresses these questions in this magisterial survey of the rise and decline of European overseas empires.
Abernethy identifies broad patterns across time and space, interweaving them with fascinating details of cross-cultural encounters. He argues that relatively autonomous profit-making, religious, and governmental institutions enabled west European countries to launch triple assaults on other societies. Indigenous people also played a role in their eventual subjugation by inviting Europeans to intervene in their power struggles. Abernethy finds that imperial decline was often the unanticipated result of wars among major powers. Postwar crises over colonies' unmet expectations empowered movements that eventually took territories as diverse as the thirteen British North American colonies, Spain's South American possessions, India, the Dutch East Indies, Vietnam, and the Gold Coast to independence.
In advancing a theory of imperialism that includes European and non-European actors, and in analyzing economic, social, and cultural as well as political dimensions of empire, Abernethy helps account for Europe's long occupation of global center stage. He also sheds light on key features of today's postcolonial world and the legacies of empire, concluding with an insightful approach to the moral evaluation of colonialism.
 

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Contents

Europeans on the Move
3
Why Did the Overseas Empires Rise Persist and Fall?
18
PHASES OF IMPERIAL EXPANSION
40
AND CONTRACTION
43
Expansion 14151773
45
Contraction 17751824
64
Expansion 18241912
81
Unstable Equilibrium 191439
104
NonEuropean Initiatives and Perceptions
254
PartIV CONSOLIDATING POWER
275
Sectoral Institutions and Techniques of Control
277
Sources of Colonial Weakness
300
PartV ACCOUNTING FOR IMPERIAL CONTRACTION
323
for Independence
345
PartVI CONSEQUENCES OF EUROPEAN OVERSEAS RULE
361
Appendix Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of
409

Contraction 194080
133
ACCOUNTING FOR IMPERIAL EXPANSION
173
Shared Features
175
Western Europe as a System of Competing States
206
The Institutional Basis for the Triple Assault
225
Notes
417
Bibliography
463
Index
505
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About the author (2000)

David B. Abernethy is professor of political science at Stanford University.

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