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accommodation bills Adam Smith amount of coin Aristotle assumed Bank of England bank-notes bankers bills bills given bills of exchange borrowed bullion capital cent commerce Committee commodities consequently consumption contraction convertible corresponding amount cost debt demand deposits depreciated discharge discount Economists effect equal established excess exchange exports foreign gold and silver greater holders inconvertible increase instruments issue issuers kind labor latter legal tender liabilities loans Lord Overstone loss means measure ment merchandise merchants nation nature necessary never notes and credits operations paid paper currency paper money parties payable payment Political Economy possessed precious metals principle produce profit proper purchase quantity question ratio reason received reduced rency represent reserves revenue says securities Smith specie speedily supply supposed symbolic currency thing tion trade transactions United usury value of money wealth Wealth of Nations whole wholly
Page 467 - That every power vested in a government is in its nature sovereign, and includes, by force of the term, a right to employ all the means requisite and fairly applicable to the attainment of the ends of such power, and which are not precluded by restrictions and exceptions specified in the Constitution, or not immoral, or not contrary to the essential ends of political society.
Page 507 - The authority of the Supreme Court must not, therefore, be permitted to control the Congress or the Executive when acting in their legislative capacities, but to have only such influence as the force of their reasoning may deserve.
Page 143 - Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury...
Page 507 - Each public officer, who takes an oath to support the constitution, swears that he will support it as he understands it, and not as it is understood by others. It is as much the duty of the house of representatives, of the senate, and of the President, to decide upon the constitutionality of any bill or resolution which may be presented to them for passage or approval, as it is of the supreme judges, when it may be brought before them for judicial decision.
Page 474 - Resolved, that the several States composing the United States of America, are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their general government; but that by compact under the style and title of a Constitution for the United States...
Page 143 - Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury ; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury : that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it.
Page 475 - That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that, as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
Page 490 - Waiving the question of the constitutional authority of the Legislature to establish an incorporated bank as being precluded in my judgment by repeated recognitions under varied circumstances of the validity of such an institution in acts of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the Government, accompanied by indications, in different modes, of a concurrence of the general will of the nation...
Page 512 - ... few/ and to govern by corruption or force, are aware of its^ power, and prepared to employ it. Your banks now furnish your only circulating medium, and money is plenty or scarce, according to the quantity of notes issued by them. While they have capitals not greatly disproportioned to each other,, they are competitors in business, and no one of them can exercise dominion over the rest ; and although, in the present state of the currency, these banks may and do operate injuriously upon the habits...