From Byzantium to Italy: Greek Studies in the Italian Renaissance
Which famous poet treasured his copy of Homer, but could never learn Greek? What prompted diplomats to circulate a speech by Demosthenes – in Latin translation – when the Turks threatened to invade Europe? Why would enthusiastic Florentines crowd a lecture on the Roman Neoplatonist Plotinus, but underestimate the importance of Plato himself? Having all but disappeared during the Middle Ages, classical Greek would recover a position of importance – eventually equal to that of classical Latin - only after a series of surprising failures, chance encounters, and false starts.
This important study of the rediscovery and growing influence of classical Greek scholarship in Italy from the 14th to the early 16th centuries is brought up to date in a new edition that reflects on the recent developments in the field of classical reception studies, and contains fully up-to-date references to aid students and scholars. From a leading authority on Greek palaeography in the English-speaking world, here is a complete account of the historic rediscovery of Greek philosophy, language and literature during the Renaissance, brought up-to-date for a modern audience of classicists, historians, and students and scholars of reception studies and the Classical Tradition.
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Aldine Aldus ancient Andronicus Callistus appears Argyropoulos Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Athenian Aurispa authors Barbaro Bessarion Biblioteca Bologna Bruni Byzantine Byzantium Callimachus cardinal century Chalcondyles Chrysoloras cited claim classical Codro commentary Constantine Lascaris copy copyist Council of Florence Demetrius Demosthenes difficult Dionysius edition essay evidence Ferrara Ficino Filelfo Florence Florentine Francesco Galen George Trapezuntius Greek text Guarino Hellenistic here–here Homer humanists Iliad important interest Italian Italy Janus Lascaris known language Lascaris later Latin version Laur learned lecture Leoniceno letter Lorenzo Lorenzo Valla Mantua manuscripts Marc Medici medieval Milan modern Monfasani Musurus Niccolò Niccolò Perotti Nicholas orations Padua Pandects Paris gr passages perhaps philosophical Plato Plethon Plutarch poet Politian preface printed produced pupils question reader reference remarks Renaissance Rome says scholars seems Strabo Theocritus Theodore Gaza Thucydides tradition translation Traversari treatise Valla Venetian Venice Vittorino volume words writings