The Reformed David(s) and the Question of Resistance to Tyranny: Reading the Bible in the 16th and 17th Centuries
This study centers on the question: how do particular readers read a biblical passage? What factors govern each reading? DeLapp here attempts to set up a test case for observing how both socio-historical and textual factors play a part in how a person reads a biblical text. Using a reception-historical methodology, he surveys five Reformed authors and their readings of the David and Saul story (primarily 1 Sam 24 and 26). From this survey two interrelated phenomena emerge. First, all the authors find in David an ideal model for civic praxis-a “Davidic social imaginary” (Charles Taylor). Second, despite this primary agreement, the authors display two different reading trajectories when discussing David's relationship with Saul. Some read the story as showing a persecuted exile, who refuses to offer active resistance against a tyrannical monarch. Others read the story as exemplifying active defensive resistance against a tyrant.
To account for this convergence and divergence in the readings, DeLapp argues for a two-fold conclusion. The authors are influenced both by their socio-historical contexts and by the shape of the biblical text itself. Given a Deuteronomic frame conducive to the social imaginary, the paradigmatic narratives of 1 Sam 24 and 26 offer a narrative gap never resolved. The story never makes explicit to the reader what David is doing in the wilderness in relation to King Saul. As a result, the authors fill in the “gap” in ways that accord with their own socio-historical experiences.
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The Reformed David(s) and the Question of Resistance to Tyranny: Reading the ...
Nevada Levi DeLapp
No preview available - 2014
Abishai allegory ambiguity analogy Andrew Willet anthem argues Beza’s Bible biblical Calvinian Calvinist canonical century Charles Christ Christian church common context covenant Dauid David and Saul David story David’s actions davidic social imaginary Deuteronomic Deuteronomistic dif┐cult divine Dutch Revolt ecclesiastical England English English Civil War example exegesis exemplar France French Geneva God’s gure Hebrew Hebrew Bible hermeneutical Het Wilhelmus historical Ibid in└uence Iser Israel Israelite James John Calvin kill Saul King David king’s kingdom Kirk lesser magistrate Lex Rex Likewise Lord Lord’s anointed Luther magisterial medieval monarch narrative gap Netherlands observes of┐ce Old Testament one’s Parker piety political praxis Protestant Psalms Puritan qu’il reader reading re└ect Reformed religious resistance Roman Catholic royal Samuel Rutherford Saul’s Scotland Scottish Scripture sense seventeenth-century sixteenth speci┐c story of David textual Theodore Beza theology throne tyrant University Press Wilhelmus Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Willet William writes YHWH YHWH’s