Social Assessments for Better Development: Case Studies in Russia and Central Asia
Michael M. Cernea, Ay?e Kudat
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1997 - Business & Economics - 207 pages
This annual report lists and describes the World Bank Group's portfolio of projects designed to improve or protect the environment, all of which were under implementation during fiscal year 1996 (July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1996). The first part of the report discusses significant environmental issues for each sector and region and describes the environmental activities of various parts of the World Bank Group. Boxes, tables, and figures supplement the narrative. A useful bibliography of World Bank publications on environmental topics closes the section. The second part consists of reports on environmentally targeted projects; World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) projects that required a full environmental assessment because of their potential impacts; investment operations supporting projects launched by the Global Environment Facility; and projects designed to help developing countries comply with the Montreal Protocol--a multilateral treaty that controls the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substance.
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addition affected Aral Sea Aralsk Ashgabat Average number Ayse Kudat Azerbaijan Baku Bank's buses closures coal sector restructuring communities consumption coping strategies cost recovery district heating economic employment ensure enterprises environmental families figure fuel groups hand pumps Household surveys housing implementation improvements income increase infrastructure institutions investment Karakalpakstan Kazakstan Kazalinsk Khorezm Kiselovsk Kudat Kyrgyz Republic labor leaks levels manats ment meters miners mines monthly natural gas needs assessment nonminers operations participation pension percent percentage of households piped water population problems project areas project design project preparation Promyshlennaya public transport reform regions relocation residents respondents rural areas Russia sanitation settlements social analysis social assessment Source stakeholders subsidies Syr Darya Tajikistan tariff tenge tion trolley Turkmenistan Urgench User surveys Uzbekistan vehicles Vorkuta water availability water quality water supply willingness to pay workers World Bank Zone