An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics
Cognitive linguists share the belief that language is based on our experience of the world. Although scientific in its claims, cognitive linguistics appeals to the intuitive feeling that our use of language is related to how we perceive things and situations around us. This comprehensive text provides a clear introduction to the major approaches that are guided by these assumptions. It is the first text to draw together all the important aspects of both cognitive semantics and syntax and it includes original proposals for a cognitive theory of word-formation and cognitive hierarchies. An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics explains the central concepts and the assumptions on which they are based in a clear and logical style, tracing their historical roots in linguistics or psychology. Chapters consider the mental process of categorization and its result, the cognitive categories which influence our use of words, the role of metaphor for understanding abstract concepts and analyse attempts to define clause patterns, word classes and other aspects of syntax based on general cognitive principles. This text also brings together issues which have not originated in cognitive linguistic research, but have benefited from being put on a cognitive basis, namely iconicity, grammaticalization, lexical change and language teaching.
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Prototypes and categories
Levels of categorization
Conceptual metaphors and metonymies
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abstract categories action categories action chain adverbial anger APPLE argument aspects attribute lists basic emotions basic level categories category BIRD category members category structure chair Chapter cognitive categories Cognitive Grammar cognitive linguistics cognitive models cognitive units colour terms conceptual conceptual metaphors context cultural models discussed domain egories elements emotion categories English event categories event-frames examples explanation expressed family resemblances figure and ground figure/ground focal colours frame function gestalt grammatical Greek salad iconic idea illustrated image schemas informants interaction Lakoff landmark Langacker Langacker's language lexical lexical categories linked locative look mass nouns means mental metonymies motion event notion noun objects and organisms path perspective prepositions principle profiled prominence prototype categories Rosch salient satellite-framed script seems sentence situation source categories Spanish specific stage subordinate categories superordinate categories Susan syntactic figure Talmy taxonomies tion trajector types Tzeltal verb-framed verbs windowing words