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agricultural zone Akmolinsk Altai mining amount Amour country Angara animals Arctic Ocean basin Behring Sea belonging cattle cent China climatic conditions coal colonization Commander Islands considerable cultivated deposits dessiatine district east Eastern European Russia expedition exploitation feet flora forest zone forms frontier gold bearing grain importance industry inhabitants Irkutsk iron Irtysh Kamchatka Kiakhta Kirghiz Kirghiz steppes lake Baikal land Lena Littoral localities million pouds mountain mouth natives navigation Nerchinsk Nikolaevsk northern Olekminsk Pall partly peasants places polar tundra zone population province river roubles route Russian sagenes thick salt Sayan Sea of Okhotsk seals seams Semipalatinsk settlement shore Siberian Railway situated smelting soil southern species square geographical miles Sretensk Stanovoi range steamers summer temperature territory Tiumen Tobolsk Tobolsk government Tomsk town tract trade Transbaikal Transbaikalia tributaries Ural Ussuri valley vegetation versts versts distance Vladivostok Western Siberia whole winter Yakutsk Yakutsk region Yenisei Yeniseisk yield
Page 194 - Siberia in the productions of the three natural kingdoms, manufacturing industry has not been able here to develop itself to a corresponding extent on the one hand, in consequence of the scanty population of this vast territory, and on the other, on account of the lack of convenient and cheap communications. In view of this, in spite of the repeated attempts of the Government and of private persons to establish industry on a large scale in Siberia, manufactories and works have been started there...
Page 56 - ... (17°) and during the hottest month (19°) Transbaikalia shews better conditions than the agricultural zone of Eastern Siberia. Thus, the difference between the winter and summer temperatures (42°) and between the hottest and coldest mouths (47°) indicates the highly continental character of the climate compared with that of Eastern Siberia. As for the mean temperature of the vegetative period, although it is...
Page 248 - ... local obstructions, such as lakes, marshes, and deep valleys. Further on, it passes through Petropavlovsk to Omsk, still adhering, as far as practicable, to a straight line, and when 5 versts from Omsk, it crosses the Irtysh on a bridge 2,100 feet long. Thence, the road leads across Barabinsk steppe through the governments of Tobolsk and Tomsk, through the town of Kainsk, and when nearing the village Krivoschekov, it crosses the Obi on a bridge 2,800 feet long at the 1,325111 verst. The section...
Page 240 - ... and not always exact data collected during the carrying out of private surveys, as well as to determine the most advantageous route for this line, a special commission was fitted out to the Ural, for whom the satisfaction of the needs of the Ural mining industry was to have the greatest weight, while at the same time it was pointed out to them that the road must, although to a slight extent, only answer to the requirements of the Siberian transit trade. However on a closer acquaintance with the...
Page 57 - In reference to the amount of rainfall, the climate of Transbaikalia is also incomparably more continental than that of the agricultural zone of Eastern and Western Siberia. The quantity of moisture precipitated here in the course of the whole year does not exceed 290 millimeters (11.42 inches), instead of the 360 and 380 of the agricultural zones of Eastern and Western Siberia, while the winters are almost entirely snowless, with 13 millimeters (.51 inches) •during the whole season. Fortunately...
Page 48 - ... northeastern corner of Siberia. . . . The local flora is characterized by the large amount of gramineous plants, which in some places form a continuous sward. There were in all thirteen different kinds found, and amongst these the original varieties were Glyceria vilfoidea, Th. Fr., Gl. vaginata, I. Lge., Gl. Arctophylla effusa, I. Lge. There are plenty of bushes of different kinds of low polar willows, the rarer varieties being Salix chamissonis, And., S.
Page 59 - To the second belong, the korsak (cam's corsac L.), steppe cat (felis manul Pall.), baibak (arctomys bobac Schr.), lagomys ogotona Pall., the jerboa (dipus jaculus Pall.), tolai (lepus tolai Pall.), two species of saiga (antilope gutturosa Pall., antilope crispa Temm.) and finally, the kulan or dzhigetai (equns hemionus Pall.).
Page 59 - ... (Cervus elaphus, L.), and wild boar (Sus scropha, L.). " The fauna of the birds which, from the very nature of their mode of locomotion, are capable of having the most extensive region of distribution, also here includes both northern and southern forms. To the first, for example, belong the capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus, L.), blackcock (Tetras tetrix, L.), hazel-hen (Tetrao bonasia, L.), white and alpine ptarmigan (Lagopus albus, Gm., and alpinus, Nilss.) ; to the second, the steppe blackcock...
Page 69 - Reg.), whose root is so prized as a remedy by the Chinese. Probably many of these plants will be subsequently found in the Amour Country also, but some of them bear undoubtedly a more southern character. To the latter are to be referred, from the pea family, the beautiful climbing glycine ussuriensis Reg., of the exotic family pontederiaceae, the very showy marsh plant (monochoria Korsakavii Reg.); of the family of eriocaulaceae, eriocanlon ussuriense; finally, of the ferns, with a subtropical appearance,...