Village Voices, Forest Choices: Joint Forest Management in India
Mark Poffenberger, Betsy McGean
Oxford University Press, 1996 - Technology & Engineering - 356 pages
Village Voices, Forest Choices offers the first comprehensive examination of revolutionary changes occurring in the management of India's forests. Over the past two decades, responding to scarcities, thousands of villages have taken charge of public forests, thereby controlling grazing and cutting. The result has been a striking renewal of once badly degraded ecosystems. Lush young secondary forests are emerging in many parts of central India, rich in biodiversity, where degrading, eroding wastelands were recently dominant. Equally remarkable, this has often happened with no outside assistance. This book looks at how this has been happening. Village Voices, Forest Choices brings good news. It chronicles the emergence of a grassroots environmental movement. Using their own resources, India's forest peoples are organizing to regain control of the ecosystems critical for their survival. The resulting regeneration of once badly degraded forests, under village protection, is impressive, presenting new opportunities to stabilize the water, soil, and forest resources upon which the nation's future depends. This book also explores the historical roots of deforestation, the alienation of tribal peoples, and their re-entry into resource management. The fourteen authors discuss the institutional, economic, ecological, and political implications of this historic transition in forest control. The writers assess how management goals for India's natural forests will change under community control, and how government agencies, scientists, and non-government organizations might respond to these shifting priorities. Anyone concerned with the future of India's natural forests and tribal peoples will wantthis book.
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The Dangs 18301992
The Struggle for Forest Control in the Jungle
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activities Adivasi agencies agreements agricultural Anil Agarwal Arabari Bhils Bihar biomass Brandis British cent co-operatives commercial community forest management community groups community institution conflicts coppice cultivation Dangs deforestation degraded forest Delhi district ecological economic effective Environment environmental facilitate field staff fodder forest area forest communities forest department forest department staff forest ecosystems forest lands forest officers forest protection Forest Protection Committees forest resources forest tracts FPCs fuelwood grass grazing Gujarat harvest Haryana hectares India India's forests initiatives JFM programmes joint forest management joint management labour co-operatives Madhav Gadgil management systems ment Midnapore munity natural forests natural regeneration NGOs non-timber forest products NTFPs organizations Orissa panchayat participatory plantations planting Poffenberger policies political Pradesh protected forest Rajasthan Ramachandra Guha resolutions resource management role Santhal social forestry programmes soil species strategies sustainable timber tion traditional trees tribal communities village forest West Bengal women zamindars