Reckoning with the beast: animals, pain, and humanity in the Victorian mind, Volume 98, Issue 2
Historian James Turner focuses on the great rise of Victorian concern for the humane treatment of animals, one of the most noteworthy flowering of such sentiment in modern times and one that engaged the support of the rich and the powerful, of church dignitaries, peers and ministers, and the queen herself. In delving into the history of animal rights, he also offers a fresh perspective on such varied aspects of Victorian culture as attitudes toward sex, pain, child labor, women, poverty, and science. Turner draws on extensive researh in the archives of a animal protection societies, literature of the period, and controversial writings on the treatment of animals. He argues that the dual shocks of industrialization and urbanization helped produce a deeper emotional identification with the natural world. Scientists of the day, proclaiming that human beings were close kin to beasts, not only encouraged but demanded considerate treatment for animals, a sentiment that reached its liveliest expression in the antivivisection controversy. By the turn of the century, the author demonstrates, new conceptions of human nature adn heightened sensitivity even to the plight of lower life-forms were contributing to a new understanding of man's place in nature.
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American American Humane Association animal experimentation animal lovers animal protection Animal World Animals London Annual Report Antivivisection Society antivivisectionists ASPCA Beast belief benevolence bill birds Boston British brutes Buffet bull baiting Cambridge Cannon Papers chap Charles Darwin compassion concern for animals creatures Cruelty to Animals Darwin dogs Dumb Animals early eighteenth century England English especially Ethics experimental medicine faith Frances Power Cobbe French George Angell Hansard Harwood heart Henry Bergh History human humanitarian industrial infliction James John Journal of Zoophily kindness to animals lives Love for Animals mind Miss Cobbe moral movement MSPCA nature nineteenth century Notes to Pages organized pain perhaps Philadelphia physicians physiology practice Prevention of Cruelty PSPCA Reckoning reform Report and Hearing Revolution Royal Commission RSPCA Minute Book RSPCA Records Science and Sensibility scientific scientists social SPCA suffering sympathy Thomas U.S. Senate vegetarian Victorian vivisection vivisectors Wilberforce William WSPCA York Zoophily