## The history of mathematics: an introduction |

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### Contents

Number Recording of the Babylonians | 20 |

Mathematics in Early Civilizations | 34 |

Three Problems from the Rhind Papyrus | 48 |

Copyright | |

37 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

Academy algebraic ancient angle sum appeared Arabic Archimedes arithmetic Arithmetica astronomical axioms Babylonian Babylonian Mathematics Bernoulli Book calculation called Cantor Cardan century circle congruent construction countable cubic cubic equation Descartes Descartes's Diophantus discovery divisors Egyptian Elements Emmy Noether equal equation Euclid Euclid's Elements Euclidean Euclidean geometry Euler existence Fermat Fibonacci formula Galileo Gauss given Gottingen Greek hence Hilbert Hint History infinite integers known Laplace lectures Legendre Leibniz length letter Lobachevsky logical mathematical induction mathematician mathematics Mersenne method Newton non-Euclidean geometry notation number theory original parallel postulate Pascal perfect number perpendicular philosophy positive integers Principia probability problem proof Proposition proved published Pythagorean triple quadratic rational numbers real numbers rectangle result Rhind Papyrus right angles right triangle roots Saccheri scholars scientific side solution solving square symbols theorem translated treatise triangle ABC unit fractions University Weierstrass writing