Amazonia, Landscape and Species Evolution: A Look into the Past
Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
John Wiley & Sons, Sep 26, 2011 - Science - 464 pages
The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. The different driving mechanisms for landscape evolution are explored by reviewing the history of the Amazonian Craton, the associated sedimentary basins, and the role of mountain uplift and climate change.
This book provdes an insight into the Meso- and Cenozoic record of Amazonia that was characterized by fluvial and long-lived lake systems and a highly diverse flora and fauna. This fauna includes giants such as the ca. 12 m long caiman Purussaurus, but also a varied fish fauna and fragile molluscs, whilst fossil pollen and spores form relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
Finally, a review the molecular datasets of the modern Amazonian rainforest and aquatic ecosystem, discussing the possible relations between the origin of Amazonian species diversity and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South America. The multidisciplinary approach in evaluating the history of Amazonia has resulted in a comprehensive volume that provides novel insights into the evolution of this region.
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FOURTEEN Modern Andean rainfall variation during ENSO
FIFTEEN A review of Tertiary mammal faunas and birds from
SIXTEEN Neogene crocodile and turtle fauna in northern
SE VENTEEN The Amazonian Neogene fish fauna
EIGHTEEN Amazonian aquatic invertebrate faunas Mollusca
TWENTYONE Contribution of current and historical
TWENTYTWO Composition and diversity of northwestern
TWENTYTHREE Diversification of the Amazonian flora
TEN Megafan environments in northern South America
ELEVEN Longterm landscape development processes
Biotic patterns and environmental processes
Am 2 ni n lim n r
THIRTEEN Modelling the response of Amazonian climate
TWENTYFOUR Molecular studies and phylogeography
TWENTYFIVE Molecular signatures of Neogene
TWENTYSIX On the origin of Amazonian landscapes