Muslim Communities Reemerge: Historical Perspectives on Nationality, Politics, and Opposition in the Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia

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Duke University Press, 1994 - History - 365 pages
The terrible events afflicting Muslims in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Tajikistan fill the news, commanding the world's attention. This timely volume offers rare insight into the background of these catastrophic conflicts. First published in German on the eve of the breakup of the Yugoslav and Soviet republics, it is one of the few books in any language to analyze, in detail and in depth, the historical and contemporary situation of Muslims in former communist states and thus clarifies the sources, development, and implications of the events that dominate today's foreign news.

In fourteen chapters and an updated introduction, European and North American specialists examine the recent evolution of Islamic expression and practice in these former Communist regions, as well as its political significance within officially atheistic regimes. Representing a wide range of disciplines and perspectives, the authors detail how the modern ethno-religious situation developed and matured in hostile circumstances, the degree of latitude the local Muslims achieved in religious expression, and what prospect the future seemed to offer just before the breakup of the Soviet Union and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Overall, the book provides a thorough analysis of the coincidence and tension between ethnic and religious identity in two countries officially devoted to the separation of ethnic groups in domestic cultural arrangements but not in the social or political realm.

Contributors. Edward Allworth, Hans Bräker, Marie Broxup, Georg Brunner, Bert G. Fragner, Uwe Halbach, Wolfgang Höpken, Andreas Kappeler, Edward J. Lazzerini, Richard Lorenz, Alexandre Popovi ́c, Sabrina Petra Ramet, Azade-Ayse Rorlich, Gerhard Simon, Tadeusz Swietochowski

 

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Contents

The Nationalization of the Uzbeks and Tajiks Bert G Fragner
13
A NineteenthCentury RussoTatar Polemic
33
Islam and the Growth of National Identity in Soviet Azerbaijan
46
One or More Tatar Nations? AzadeAyşe Rorlich
61
Religious and National Signals in Secular Central Asian Drama
80
The Case
111
Czarist Policy toward the Muslims of the Russian Empire
141
Soviet Policy toward Islam Hans Bråker
157
The Status of Muslims in the Federative Systems of the Soviet
183
Io Yugoslavias Communists and the Bosnian Muslims
214
The Links between Sufism and Jihad
251
Economic Bases of the Basmachi Movement in the Farghana Valley
277
Political Trends in Soviet Islam after the Afghanistan
304
Islamic Movements in Yugoslavia Alexandre Popović
322
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About the author (1994)

Andreas Kappeler is Professor of East European History at the University of Cologne.

Gerhard Simon is Professor of Political Science at the University of Cologne.

Georg Brunner is Professor of Public Adminstration Law at the University of Cologne.

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