Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature
In the Book of the Watchers, an Enochic apocalypse from the third century BCE, the "sons of God" of Gen 6:1-4 are accused of corrupting humankind through their teachings of metalworking, cosmetology, magic, and divination. By tracing the transformations of this motif in Second Temple, Rabbinic, and early medieval Judaism and early, late antique, and Byzantine Christianity, this book sheds light on the history of interpretation of Genesis, the changing status of Enochic literature, and the place of parabiblical texts and traditions in the interchange between Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages.
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angelic descent myth angelic interpretation antediluvian apocalypse Apol Aramaic Asael Astronomical Book authors Azael ben Sira biblical biblical canon Book of Dreams book of Enoch canon century BCE chapter circulation Commentary demons divine early Christian early Enochic early Jewish earth Enochic books Enochic literature Enochic myth Enochic pseudepigrapha Enochic texts Enochic traditions Enochic writings Epistle of Enoch euhemeristic evidence evil exegetes fallen angels Genesis Giants Greek heaven Hekhalot Hekhalot literature Himmelfarb human humankind illicit angelic instruction instruction motif interpretation of Gen Jewish Jews Jubilees Jude Justin late antique later literary Midrash Milik motif of illicit myth of angelic Nickelsburg oral origins pagan pre-Rabbinic proto-orthodox Christians Qumran Rabbinic Judaism reception-history redacted reference scholars scribal scriptures second century Second Temple Second Temple Judaism Semhazai and Azael Semihazah Sethian sexual sins sons status suggests Tanakh Tertullian texts and traditions third century Torah translation transmission VanderKam Watchers
Page 5 - AND it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.