Arlen and Harburg's Over the Rainbow
"Over the Rainbow" exploded into worldwide fame upon its performance by Judy Garland in the MGM film musical The Wizard of Oz (1939). Voted the greatest song of the twentieth century in a 2000 survey, it is a masterful, delicate balance of sophistication and child-like simplicity in which composer Harold Arlen and lyricist E. Y. "Yip" Harburg poignantly captured the hope and anxiety harbored by Dorothy's character. In Arlen and Harburg's Over the Rainbow, author Walter Frisch traces the history of this song from its inception during the development of The Wizard of Oz's screenplay, to its various reinterpretations over the course of the twentieth century. Through analysis of the song's music and lyrics, this Oxford Keynotes volume provides a close reading of the piece while examining the evolution of its meaning as it traversed widely varying cultural contexts. From its adoption as a jazz standard by generations of pianists, to its contribution to Judy Garland's role as a gay icon, to its reemergence as a chart-topping recording by Hawaiian singer Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, "Over the Rainbow" continues to engage audiences and performers alike in surprising ways. Featuring a companion website with audio and video supplements, this book leaves no path unexplored as it succeeds in capturing the extent of this song's impact on the world.
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André Previn Arlen and Harburg Arlen’s original Arthur Freed ballad Bea Wain begins blue broadcast Bud Powell Capitol recordings chapter chord chorus chromatic Clinton coda concert Decca Dick Marx Dorothy E. Y. Yip Edens eighth notes Erroll Garner Facing Future figure film film’s final Freed Garland sings Garner half step Harburg’s lyrics Harmetz harmonic Harold Arlen Hawaiian heard home sweet home IZ’s Rainbow Jablonski jazz Jitterbug John Fricke Judy Garland Kamakawiwo’ole Kansas scene Kansas song Keith Jarrett land Langley later Listen to example lyricist measures melody orchestral performance phrase pianists piano-vocal score place like home Previn release reprise Roger Edens Ryerson and Woolf sang Scarecrow screenplay drafts script segment sheet music singer Someday I’ll wish Somewhere song’s star Stothart studio style sung Tatum television There’s tion tonic tune University Press verse Vidor View example witch Wizard of Oz Wonderful Wizard World Yip Harburg York